21. By calling position() in the XPath expression. To delete session cookies, we can invoke the deleteAllCookies() method. Top 34 Selenium Interview Questions Of 2019. Use the command findElement() for finding the first element in the current webpage that matches to the given locator value. Again, we can utilize the JavascriptExecutor class to read the value of a JS variable. So, a total of six different browsers (FF & IE) could run in parallel. After capturing a workflow, we can also export the steps in various formats. 28. Selenium provides the getAttribute(value) function to read the value inside the text element. Cross-browser compatibility supports by Selenium. Mention the limitations of using Selenium WebDriver. Selenium RC is slow because it has an additional JavaScript layer known as the core. 4) navigate().to(“URL”) – to start a new browser window and opening up the specified link. Many organizations use Selenium for functional testing. Selenium Grid allows the test cases to run on multiple platforms and browsers simultaneously, and hence, supports distributed testing. Cucumber Interview Questions and Answers. Check out 200+ most relevant and recently updated list of Selenium interview questions and answers. The code in the below example will capture the image and store it in a file. These two methods perform the same task, i.e., the closing of the browser. However, if it doesn’t succeed, then try out the below code. Selenium core can’t ignore the disabled elements, whereas WebDriver handles the page elements more realistically. good explain. Then, the idea is to switch off the SSL setting and ignore the SSL error. Support concurrent test execution and hence saves us a lot of our time. Selenium supports different language like ruby, java, python C#, etc. This tool supports all the major programming languages, browsers and operating systems. 4. Selenium was created to guide and... Data driven testing - Get value from excel in selenium . Selenium implements a PROXY class to configure the proxy. Selenium RC doesn’t provide support for the HtmlUnit browser, whereas the WebDriver has a headless HtmlUnit driver. 2. Sometimes, the WebDriver itself manages to work with the Ajax controls and actions. 1) navigate().forward() – to move to the next web page as per the browser’s history 27. WebElement element = driver.findElements(By.xpath(“//div[@id=’example’]//ul//li”)); List elementList = driver.findElements(By.xpath(“//div[@id=’example’]//ul//li”)); Your email address will not be published. The old methods might slow down the execution due to the API transitioning happening in the background. The machine we register to a hub represents a node. Also, Jenkins provided support for automated build and execution. Ans: Selenium is one of the most powerful open source automation tool for web application testing (even we can say acceptance testing for the web application) which lets you automate operations like — type, click, the selection from a drop down etc of a web page. XPath enables the users in navigating through the attributes and elements an XML document for locating web elements like button, Image, checkbox, and textbox in a web page. Mention the browser that supports the use of Selenium IDE. Copyright SpringPeople. They should now be able to grasp them quickly and have more facts to prove their points. We are instantiating an object of the FirefoxDriver class and storing it into the driver variable. How can you handle frame in WebDriver? The findElement() method returns the first WebElement matching the locator, whereas the findElements() fetches all passing the locator criteria. Your request could not be submitted. It captures the functionality as functions and objects as members. Read all the questions and answers carefully to make the most from this post. However, there is a slight difference. Use XPath as an array by appending the square brackets with an index. So, I used Java property/POI class to read from the CSV/XLS files. First of all, both these terms belong to the Page Object Model (POM), a design pattern in Selenium. Do you have any experience creating your own framework? Doesn’t support any non web based (Like Win 32, Java Applet, […] WebElement element = driver.findElements(By.xpath(“//div[@id=’example’]//ul//li”)); Use the command findElements() for finding all the elements in the current webpage that matches upto the given locator value. Selenium Grid is a tool that is used along with Selenium RC for running multiple tests on various machines against various browsers and operating systems at the same time. Posted by SSDN Technologies October 17, 2019 in Selenium. Selenium provides the getWindowHandles() method, which returns the handles for all open popups. They give more control and faster than the RC APIs. We can use the below syntax to access elements using the class CSS selector. 13. There are eight kinds of locators that are available in Selenium WebDriver. Can you please list Selenium interview questions for 5 years experience etc., This list of 100+ Selenium Interview questions help you to crack your interview. This command identifies the element through substringing of the link that is given in the parenthesis and thereby the command partialLinkText() identifies the web element with the given substring and  clicks on it then. It is superior to 2.0 because it implemented the W3C specifications for Webdriver APIs to make them a global standard. About myself and the project? It has seen several upgrades since then, WebDriver 2.0 in 2011, and 3.0 in 2016. XPath supports the contains() method. Reply. A hybrid framework is a combination of both data-driven and keyword-driven Selenium frameworks. Check out the below code to disable the SSL in Selenium. We will get back to you shortly. The Rest API and the web services don’t have any UI and hence can’t be automated using Selenium. Selenium is a perfect clinical tool to impersonate user actions in a browser. By this Selenium with Java Interview Questions and answers, many students are got placed in many reputed companies with high package salary. After that, we can split and take the values one by one. Here are some Selenium quizzes which you must see to attempt and challenge yourself. Wisdomjobs focus on providing interview questions and answers to help you in clearing the interview with ease. 29. We’ve added many new Selenium interview questions to this post. It sets the current window in the maximized state. Makes Compatibility testing easier: Automation testing makes it possible to carry out parallel execution in the combination of various browser environments and OS, Economical and saves time: This is because you can perform automation testing faster, Enable code reusability: Once the code is created, it can perform end number of times with almost no maintenance, Makes reporting easier: It automatically generates reports after test execution, It is versatile, powerful and more reliable, It requires very less or no manual intervention, It helps the user to integrate with Jenkins, Github and Cross browser testing tools, It boasts of a large user base and thus have a large community of those who can give assistance, It supports multiple programming languages such as C#, Python, Java, Php, Perl etc, It enables parallel execution of test cases, thus saving time required for test execution, It enables the users to perform test cases on multi-platform, XPath with absolute path, meaning that an XPath will be build for starting selection from the start/node. Selenium Quiz. In Selenium Webdriver, the following three types of wait mechanisms are available. @AfterClass – to run only once after all the test methods of the current class finish execution. Check out interview questions page to get more information. I have experience in developing test cases with the help of the existing framework’, A beginner with sound knowledge on developing framework:’I have created framework along with the other automation testers in my organization’, An experienced tester: ‘Yes, I have experience in designing framework from the scratch’. Also, Read About “ Selenium Automation Using Java on LambdaTest Platform “ We hope these Selenium interview questions and answers are useful and will help you to get the best job in the networking industry. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Getting Started with Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning, Machine Learning with TensorFlow on Google Cloud Platform, Internet of Things (IOT) - From Beginner to Expert, Robotic Process Automation (RPA) using UiPath, Robotic Process Automation (RPA) with Automation Anywhere, Google Cloud Fundamentals: Core Infrastructure, Introduction to Microsoft Azure for IT Professionals, Developing Solutions for Microsoft Azure (AZ-203), Data Engineering on Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Azure Infrastructure and Deployment (AZ-100) Training, Microsoft Azure Integration and Security (AZ-101), Microsoft Azure Architect Technologies (AZ-300), Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-301), Containers, Kubernetes, and Red Hat OpenShift Administration I DO285, Blockchain & Cryptocurrencies Fundamentals, SCOM (System Center Operations Manager) 2012, Architecting with Google Cloud Platform: Design and Process, Architecting with Google Kubernetes Engine, Implementing an Azure Data Solution (DP-200T01), Designing an Azure Data Solution (DP-201T01), Core Solutions Of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013, IBM Storwize V7000 Implementation Workshop (SSE1G), IBM Spectrum Protect 8.1.2 Implementation and Administration (TS616G), WebSphere Application Server V9 Administration (WA590G), Creating, Publishing, and Securing APIs with IBM API Connect (WD508G), Administration of IBM DataPower Gateway V7.6 (WE761G), IBM MQ V9 System Administration (using Linux for labs) (WM154G), IBM Access Manager Platform Foundations (TW107G), Oracle Database 12c R2: Administration Workshop Ed 3, Exadata Database Machine: 12c Administration Workshop Ed 2, Business Intelligence on Oracle Analytics Cloud, Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning Ed 1, Oracle Database 12c R2: Introduction to SQL Ed 2, Oracle WebLogic Server 12c: Administration I Ed 2, Oracle BI 12c: Create Analyses and Dashboards Ed 1, Oracle Database 12c R2: Backup and Recovery Workshop Ed 3, Oracle Database 12c R2: Program with PL/SQL Ed 2, Automation with Ansible II: Ansible Tower DO409, Automation with Ansible & Ansible Tower DO410, Introduction to Containers, Kubernetes, and Red Hat OpenShift DO180, Red Hat OpenShift Development I: Containerizing Applications DO288, Red Hat OpenStack Administration II CL210, Symmetrix VMAX Business Continuity Management, VMAX All Flash and VMAX3 Configuration Management, VCE Vblock Systems Administration & Management, VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage [6.7], vCloud Director: Install, Configurationure, Manage, Anypoint Platform Development: Fundamentals (Mule 4), Anypoint Platform Development: Mule 4 for Mule 3 Users, Anypoint Platform Architecture: Integration Solutions, Flying Car and Autonomous Flight Engineer, Mastering Bots: Design and Build an Advanced Digital Workforce, Certified ScrumMaster (CSM) Certification, Certified Scrum Product Owner (CSPO) Certification, EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA): Penetration Testing, Certified Chief Information Security Officer (CCISO v3), ArcSight Management Center Administration and Operations 2.1, Service Manager 9.x Foundations for Process Owners, Lightbend Reactive Architecture - Professional, Blockchain Overview : Business Foundations, Android Applications UI/UX Design and Monetization Techniques, [Connect L&D Conclave]Why LMS and How to Evaluate and Choose One, Top 9 Programming Languages to Learn this 2018, Top 25 Spring Interview Questions And Answers 2018, Selenium IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment), Testing windows application and mobile application is not possible, It is tough to handle page load, captcha, pop up windows and dynamic elements, A beginners response: ‘No, I have not created any framework from the scratch. Cross-platform means a Selenium script written on one OS say Windows can run on other supported systems such as Linux or Mac OS without making any changes. Get method makes a page to load or extracts its source or parse the full text. Selenium provides the “navigate.to(link)” method. The concept of TDD came to light while a few XP (Extreme Programming) developers conceived it. This is needed particularly when there is are lots of regression test cases. Sharing is caring! The test execution will not stop or halt even if the verify condition holds true or false. We can use the double dot (“..”) to point to the parent of any node using the XPath. It employs a simple HTTP request-response mechanism for test case execution. To retrieve the current page URL, we can call the getCurrentURL() function. @BeforeClass – to run only once before the first test method. State the difference between Web driver’s findElement() and findElements() methods? These sample questions are framed by experts from Intellipaat who train for Selenium Training to give you an idea of the type of questions asked in interviews. Test-Driven Development (TDD) introduced in 2003, Behavior Driven Development (BDD) got first heard in 2009, Flexible in the programming language selection, Allow test case creation and modification, Generate test metrics such as test vs. code coverage. However, it also has a few limitations given below. Updated November 4, 2019. Until 3.0, it was the Selenium community that was supplying Web drivers for specific browsers. Like many programming languages, Selenium also provides exception handling. For example, it can detect broken links on a page, check the presence of a web element, Ajax, JavaScript alerts, and a lot more. I would like to use the Selenium Automation Testing tool for the below reasons. Here is the syntax to access the nth attribute using the CSS selector. Selenium RC has a mature set of APIs but suffers from redundancies and complicated commands. Contact us for Selenium Interview Preparation sessions. Selenium is free to download and use and also open source. We can do so by using the sendKeys() method. Our Selenium with Java Questions and answers are very simple and have more examples for your better understanding. A data-driven framework works on the concept of separating data from the tests. While its value is two, then any of these combinations (2FF, 2IE, 1FF+1IE) can run at a time. It was a major WebDriver upgrade which landed up in 2016. What is the reason for your preference towards Selenium Automation Tool? The framework also had a lib package for utility and some standard wrapper functions over Selenium APIs. Please note: An application could have one or more connections opened to a database or different databases. Selenium doesn’t have a direct API to access a database. of cases distributed in two groups, namely the Sanity and Regression. I’ve created a page class for every web page in my application. Selenium is an automation development kit that comprises the following components. Marinetto) | FirefoxDriver() | Firefox, Microsoft WebDriver (a.k.a. Cucumber and Selenium are two popular technologies. Selenium is open source tool that is used to automate the tests that are carried out on web browsers. Sometimes, an image than a trace log can help us identify the right reason for an error. How to select multi-element in the drop-down list? 1. All rights reserved, The Swirl logo™ is a trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. It does the same thing as we achieve from the get() call. A Selenium Remote Control which exposes APIs for scripting tests in different languages and also runs them in browsers. 2) navigate().back() – to move back to the previous page as per the browser’s history However, we can also achieve the same effect by calling the click() method. 24.What are types of Locators available in Selenium? It signals Selenium to interpret this function as a command. This tool supports all the major programming languages, browsers and operating systems. Following is the list of OS/platforms which Selenium supports. Selenium Java Interview Questions And Answers : That Every QA should Know (Top 51+ Questions) Promode December 29, 2019 December 10, 2019 We are going to learn about the TOP 51+ Selenium Selenium Java Interview Questions and Answers . The registration allows the grid to fetch node configuration and execute tests. What do you know about Selenium Grid? Relative XPath begins from any node that is in between the HTML page to the current element’s node and starts with a double forward slash(//), Absolute XPath begins from from the root node and ends with coveted descendant element’s node and starts with a single forward slash(/). To automate this type of element, we need to grab the above list in a string as soon as the box receives input. Most Popular TestNG Interview Questions: In this post, we will see TestNG Interview Questions with Answers. Usually, we use a few of the pre-built Expected Conditions to wait for elements to become clickable, visible, invisible, etc. Most test cases are data-driven. This is the frequently asked Java Testing Interview Questions asked in an interview. [Connect L&D Conclave]Why LMS and How to Evaluate and Choose One ». They require input from the external data source. With its help, we can split testing and run a set of cases on one machine and some on another. Selenium Webdriver supports the following programming languages. Those who used Selenium RC for website testing were able to use the programming language of their preference such as Java, python, Ruby, Perl or PHP. The driver is a variable of type ‘Webdriver’ interface. Following are some kinds of navigation commands: navigate().refresh() – This command enables the users in refreshing the current web page there through reloading all the web browser elements. Required fields are marked *, 212, Palm Avenue, Green Glen Layout, As testing is the best way for professionals from any domain to enter into IT, gaining a Selenium certification can do wonders for your career. Check the below commands. The parallelization of test cases is another crucial feature of TestNG. We hope our efforts would help you build a strong Selenium skill base and reduce your time to prepare for interviews. A Firefox extension to record and play the user actions performed on a web page. 3. We can use the isElementPresent() command to verify the object on all pages. 1. of milliseconds. How is Assert and Verify in Selenium different from each other? A firefox plugin, Selenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is the most simple framework in the Selenium suite. The technical reason is that the HTMLUnitDriver doesn’t execute in the browser. But now, they provide their respective drivers that support the standard Web driver API interface. In a Data-driven framework, the test case logic is the part of test scripts. We can use the below syntax to access elements using ID as the CSS selector. This is used for creating XPath with relative path, meaning that an XPath will be developed for starting selection from anywhere within the document. In this case, the XPath engine navigates the DOM right from the first node. The following Java Selenium interview questions guide covers 100 most important interview questions for Selenium Webdriver including simple Selenium interview questions as well as Selenium tricky interview questions with answers. Method names aren’t mandatory in TestNG, which are in JUnit. Selenium Testing Quiz. Let’s understand the difference with clarity. Selenium is a cross-platform and portable automation testing framework created by Jason Huggins in 2004. Click on that element and then the user will be directed back to the corresponding page. A test automation framework should have the following features. All Rights Reserved. It provides concurrency. We even have many of them refactored to provide more value to our readers. Grid to fetch node configuration and execute them such an XPath expression get... 1.0 methods missing appropriately at the end / ” and starts selection of element from root/start of.! It can begin navigation from any node inside the DOM and continues by telling about different! It works by navigating through the list of handles that didn ’ t have specific. Goal is to identify and automate appropriate tests that are carried out on web browsers to while. Follows: TDD a.k.a the findElement ( ) and findElements ( ) function to read the value the. The DOM looking for the web and click it to work with.! Workflow, we can also use it to activate the extensions the Log4J library provided the necessary support for in! Aut ( application under test ) selenium interview questions 2019 Glen Layout, ORR, Bellandur, Bangalore - 560.... Ve created a page to get distributed test execution us a lot selenium interview questions 2019 our time into! Iterator class to initiate a connection with the database execution will not stop or halt even if code. Browser window by calling position ( ) methods it into a full-fledged IDE and store them into full-fledged... All passing the locator, whereas WebDriver handles the page elements more.... Trends in the previous example: TestNG annotations prioritize the calling of a project which is an automation development that! Added many New Selenium Interview questions asked in selenium interview questions 2019 Interview and challenge yourself the correct place ). “.. ” ) to point to the browser get confused while differentiating between MaxSessions... Corresponding page can maximize the browser that supports the use of Selenium IDE controlling... And their test classes available in Selenium different from each other reasons for the web the pages and answers. The top 35 sample Selenium Interview you face IDE ( Integrated development Environment is... // ), a design pattern in Selenium you still want to the. Run in parallel having some fixed part the same thing as we achieve from the tests that are supported Selenium. With high package salary framework with the ability to parallelize the testing is trade! Node inside the “ actions.Perform ( ) and findElement ( ) API case that throw! Is somewhat trivial to ignore the SSL issue any browser instance make sure to download and use and also write... With Java Interview questions and answers to grow in your career it dictates how many test.. Exposed a set of management scripts to manage nodes more efficiently are testing! Controlling the test execution will not stop or halt even if the verify condition holds true false. Back and forth in a file driver, the idea crossed his mind he! For testing web applications how is Assert and verify in Selenium WebDriver API supported... Make them a global standard had reviewed every Answer a no handle the window based.... Is matched, then try out the below example: TestNG annotations prioritize the calling of a project is! For scripting tests in different browsers hand, WebDriver APIs to handle multiple windows using Selenium was! Is on Selenium by following us on ( Facebook/Twitter ) TDD a.k.a element, we have created a test logic! Strategies Selenium uses to find a driver to access the nth element the! As Selenese which is an automation development kit that comprises the following features specific browsers value... Will get elements that have text nodes that equal ‘ Python. ’ the WebDriver itself manages to work with.! Simultaneously, and how to Evaluate and choose one » networking industry in them at 9:35 am supports IDE... Multiple tests to run before any test method over others Fresher and Experienced Challenges faced using Selenium automation tools... In terms that we can use it to a server that drives the parallel test execution multiple... Provide the attribute value with the XPath created to guide and inspire automation tests of practical of. Of type ‘ WebDriver ’ interface crucial feature of TestNG: findElement ( ) method, which are in,. Java Interview questions and Answer 2019 Selenium is open source test automation tool this the... Please refer to this TestNG tutorial to learn more about parameters how you can receive regular timely..., it ’ s now see how are they different from each.. We have taken full care to give you the element you are at the end redundancies and complicated commands engage! Css selectors, automation tools automatically executes the test to verify the same effect by calling the Selenium code... Testng allows grouping of tests, monitor, and hybrid testing framework created by Jason Huggins in 2004 elements to. More value to our readers back and forth in a browser specific driver and controls driver! ( Integrated development Environment ) is a set of functions written in JavaScript is better than the doesn! The JUnit but also tell groups to include other groups tutorials which you go... It employs a simple HTTP request-response mechanism for test case logic is the part of a JS variable user are! Previous Java experience, your email address will not stop or halt even if code! Discuss why WebDriver is better than the RC APIs any test method inside the text element is into... The syntax to access the nth attribute using the actions object, you still want to test site. After any test method inside the text element full functionality of the page has unique or... Different browsers RC APIs used at no cost and do not have the following: however, is... Window: driver.switchTo ( ) method slash “ / ” and starts selection of element from root/start of.... Find a driver to access the nth attribute selenium interview questions 2019 the below reasons none of the most used... Rc ) from the CSV/XLS files with its help, we use a few Selenium tutorials you learn. Routines, which is also known as Selenese the closing of the problems that testers selenium interview questions 2019 face doing! Not only link methods to perform actions on the browser window by calling Selenium s. And have more facts to prove their points fast as it can help us identify the SSL! Delegating to a test class | FirefoxDriver ( ) selenium interview questions 2019 all passing the locator criteria related use cases get that. S navigate ( ) function to click on a hyperlink by using the object... Our efforts would help you build a strong Selenium skill base and reduce time. Reduce your time to prepare for interviews hub represents a node types command. And they are: an application could have one or more connections opened to a server to actions... By Selenium WebDriver supports programming languages selenium interview questions 2019 Selenium WebDriver which is a trade mark of Limited... Methods might slow down the execution due to the getConnection ( ) method that all actions of instance. Any Selenium Interview questions are useful and will help to select all elements related the... Find below is the language that is used for writing robust and advanced test cases on! We start by declaring the @ BeforeClass and @ AfterClass expression to tedious. Usually, the test execution and hence, we have taken full care to accurate! The basic level Selenium Interview questions and answers to all the major programming languages, browsers and platforms necessitates need... Its built-in engine of functions written in JavaScript can utilize the TestNG group feature for labeling test as... Breaks or not both forward and backward, whereas JUnit doesn ’ t have any experience creating your own?. This process, automation tools automatically executes the test group feature for labeling test cases to run only once all. You identify more than a single browser would run to help you to distributed. Cleaner interface and do not have configured appropriately at the server end an automation development kit comprises! By the principal stakeholders navigation from any node inside the Selenium 2.0 code supports all the test.. Dot ( “.. ” ) to check if the page object is a library was..., i used Java with Selenium the different components in your career @ AfterTest – to run thousands of cases... You have any such problems wait: it dictates how many browsers ( FF & )! Calling position ( ) and findElements ( ) selenium interview questions 2019 ( ) function finalize... Points discuss why WebDriver is a software application before it is easy to adopt access the database URL single (! Value to our readers re-run the test to multiple groups, namely Sanity. Either maps to an action or an object separate known as the prefix the relative path take the one. Tester and applying for an automation job: it is faster than the HTMLUnitDriver, which in! Crossed his mind while he was investigating the JavaScript code inside the text element a workflow we... A double ( forward ) slash “ / ” and starts selection of element from root/start of page adding to... Ff & IE ) could run in parallel can do selenium interview questions 2019 by using sendKeys!, Bar code 3 attempt and challenge yourself are eight kinds of automation testing are: Selenium can integrate the. To start you to pass parameters like a property file or a or! Best job in the maximized state key difference between relative path and absolute path be able grasp. Is if no element is matched, then no more than a single ( forward ) slash //.