Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Spikes of flowers appear in late spring. 9) Aesculus californica: California Buckeye (pg. Shrubs included in this guide: Acer circinatum: Vine Maple (pg. Large monoecious or dioecious, shrubs or small trees up to 15 m. Twigs glabrous, red to purple. It usually has several stems arising from the base and is essentially smooth. Transplant to give them more space as needed, once the true leaves have appeared. These stems will infiltrate surrounding areas and in time break the surface as “new” shrubs. Valuable Additions Decorative Cones Growing Aids ALL. mountain maple Family: Aceraceae: plant: leaf: inflorescence: fruit: bud: bark : Acer spicatum is a shrub or small tree. Ruffed grouse in particular feed on the winter buds of mountain maple, and, in some ecosystems, these buds may be their primary food source for the season. A big thank you to Jenna Marie Cahill for contributing this nature guide. In June, the shrub produces tiny white flowers on long erect stems. Leaves are simple and opposite, the blade up to 5½ inches long and nearly as wide, heart-shaped at the base, with 3 to 5 palmate lobes. It prefers moist soils, especially along canyons and mountain slopes in coniferous forests. Male and female flowers are typically present in same cluster, perfect flowers (both male and female parts) may also be present. Incurved. In the spring, the mulch is removed to allow the soil to warm. Shrubs are woody plants, generally under 20 feet (6.1m) and have many slender diverging stems extending from their base. Every camp is an adventure for the children but also an incredible educational experience. In-depth courses on a variety of topics from native botany to woodlot management to chainsaw safety. Inflorescence a few-flowered panicle on short leafy side shoots. Or as a cocktail by combining 1 ounce of gin or vodka with 1 tablespoon shrub over ice and topped with club soda. Buncombe Co., NC 7/8/06. In our SE it prefers cooler north and east facing slopes in the understory of larger trees. … Family: Aceraceae. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/acegla/all.html Mountain maple is essentially a shrub. Very ornamental; dark red twigs, fruit tinged red, yellow fall color. This distinction is based on the size and stem of the plant. The leaves are regularly toothed and shallowly lobed and the buds have only two conspicuous outer scales ("valvate" buds). After germination, keep the seedlings watered and weeded. HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Mountain maple is an understory or subcanopy component in a number of northeastern forest associations. The trunk diameter is 4 to 8 inches, short, with short, slender, upright branches. Rocky Mountain maple is usually tall and spindly in closed stands, with a more dense and brushy growth form in open stands. General - : A tall and spreading shrub, 3 - 8 m tall; bark thin, dull, reddish to greyish brown, smooth or slightly grooved; twigs slender, yellowish green to reddish brown, coated with very short grey hairs; buds slender, stalked, covered with grey hairs. It is relatively short lived but where old canes have been lost to age, fire or mechanical damage it can resprout vigorously from the roots. The course and the supporting manual were aimed almost exclusively for forestry and related majors. Mountain maple is the smallest of our native maple species. The fruit is smaller than other maples and turns a bright red overtime. At the Macphail Woods nursery, we collect seeds in the fall once they start to dry. To find mountain maple, look in these habitats for a tall, many-stemmed shrub with thin, grayish-brown bark that is smooth on the small stems and has shallow fissures on larger ones. In Minnesota it is frequent along the north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward. Scientific name: Acer glabrum. In our SE it prefers cooler … douglasii (Hook. Leafed-out plants should be planted after the last frost, up until mid-August. The leaves are white-hairy beneath. At its tallest, it reaches only 30 feet and is usually considered a shrub, rather than a tree. Mountain Maple is the smallest of Minnesota's native Acer species, growing as a tall shrub or small tree. Leaves most often have three lobes although, on occasion, two lower lobes may be present resulting in a five-lobed leaf. Seedcase indented on one side. The leaves are easily told apart from Red Maple by their rugose texture -- the veins are deeply impressed in the leaf. your own Pins on Pinterest 11) Acer glabrum: Rocky Mountain Maple (pg. Shrubs are woody plants, generally under 20 feet (6.1m) and have many slender diverging stems extending from their base. 2) Amelanchier alnifolia: Saskatoon Service-Berry (pg. One year old twigs are brown to reddish, sometimes with a purplish cast, and hairy. Their vigorous growth after forage makes them an ideal and ample food source for a wide variety of herbivores. The wings form an angle near 90 degrees. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest, Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin, Cook and Lake counties. It is usually scattered in climax types, such as spruce-fir or sugar maple; it attains shrub-layer dominance in mid-seral types and occasionally will form a dense, continuous shrub layer in disturbed forests. Leaves turn to yellow then orange or red in fall. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Rocky Mountain Maple (Acer glabrum) The Rocky Mountain maple is a shrub or small tree. It usually has several stems arising from the base and is essentially smooth. Mountain Maple produces small keys that are eaten by moose and deer in the spring. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … New growth may not be hardened enough to withstand the current conditions at higher elevation at planting time. Trees, on the other hand, typically have one large erect stem (the ‘trunk’) and are taller than shrubs. NPS photo by D. Biddle. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. In Minnesota it is frequent along the north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward. For this species, seed dispersal is not the primary means of reproduction. The Rocky Mountain Maple is a deciduous shrub, small dwarf tree or clump. The twigs tend to be green or reddish and often a combination of the two, and they are finely pubescent. Mountain Maple is our smallest maple species, and has the most northerly range. Drought and partial shade tolerance. Upright or nodding, columnar panicles 1½ to 3 inches tall and an inch or more wide, appearing after leaves are fully developed. The leaves are roundish, from 3 to 5 inches broad and long, 3-lobed or some are slightly 5-lobed; margins are coarse and sharply toothed, a dark yellow-green, smooth, paler beneath and covered with a grayish hairs. Deer, elk, cattle, and sheep browse the foliage. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Fruit matures from September into October and the cluster stalk becomes drooping. In fact, an 80% removal of new branch growth each year results in peak productivity. Mountain maple is an excellent soil stabilizer and is a significant plant in riparian areas. Nursery stock grown below 6000 feet leafs out earlier. The stalk is less than or equal to the length of the blade and is typically quite red. Their primary use in today’s society is, as previously mentioned, as a bank stabilizer to prevent soil erosion in riparian areas. Wings about 20 mm. Other names for the tree include dwarf maple (for its short size) or moose maple (for its attractiveness as a food source for moose in other provinces). Where in Minnesota? This tall shrub is extremely important in riparian systems, where the dense layering that occurs from roots and new shoots helps to prevent erosion on banks. They thrive along stream banks and other riparian areas. Pick an image for a larger view. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Angle between wings less than 90°. However, the history of their usage by Indigenous peoples is ample. Genus: ACER. In … Then we plant the seeds so that they are almost touching, in rows 4” (10cm) apart in a nursery bed. rose-fruit Rocky Mountain maple, Sierra maple, California mountain maple, New Mexico maple, box maple, rock maple, dwarf maple, Uses Rocky Mountain maple is planted to a limited extent to improve wildlife habitat, to stabilize slopes, and to provide low-maintenance landscaping. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. This distinction is based on the size and stem of the plant. At maturity, it can exceed 25 feet high. Thanks for your understanding. These shrubfields result from canopy removal by repeated severe fires. Detailed Listing For. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Growth Characteristics: Rocky Mountain maple is a small, rather delicate-looking tree, with opposite, ascending to erect branches, rounded twigs, and a narrow crown. The variety is named after David Douglas, Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide. Glabrum means smooth, without hair, referring to its smooth stems and leaves. Primarily, the plant was used to treat eye irritation. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Rocky Mountain Maple is the most northern member of the maple family found in the Rockies.. Characteristics: This many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. See the glossary for icon descriptions. However, despite their aptitude for cleared land, the plants are also shade tolerate and do well as understory vegetation. A mountain maple shrub will produce lateral stems beneath the soil surface. Rocky Mountain maple Acer glabrum Torr Introduction. Off-island, mountain maple buds provide ample forage for deer and moose. Trunks are multiple in clumps, rarely getting over 3 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). Common Name: Mountain … 1) 10) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: Red Bearberry (pg. Did you know? ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Your email address: (required) It also grows at high elevations in the southern Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Mountain maple enjoys moist, well-drained soil and has a preference for limy substrate. The striking red bark and contrasting light green leaves, turning red in the fall, make it a desirable ornamental shrub. Species: spicatum. While technically a tall shrub, Acer spicatum is commonly referred to as a tree. Rocky Mountain maple occurs as a major component or dominant in seral shrubfields in the northern Rockies. It is usually scattered in climax types, such as spruce-fir or sugar maple; it attains shrub-layer dominance … Shrub and Vine Seeds Shrub Seeds Vine Seeds ALL. As its name suggests, it is a cool temperature species and in its eastern US range it only goes south in the higher elevations of the Appalachians. In particular, poultices were made from the outer bark to soothe sore eyes and infusions from younger twigs were used to remedy against smoke in one’s eye. Seral shrubfields have also been maintained with prescribed fire. Bring … Rather, vegetative propagation is much more widespread. View All Mountain Maple, Moosewood ACER spicatum . Rocky Mountain maple … All flowers are greenish yellow, about 3/16 of an inch across, with 5 lance-linear petals between 1/16 to over 1/8 inch long and 5 obscure sepals 1/16 inch long or less. List of Maple Shrubs, Acer Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. 11) Artemisia tridentate: Big Sagebrush (pg. Male flowers have 7 or 8 spreading stamens, female have two small pinkish stigmas. The northernmost maple in the New World, it extends through southeastern Alaska. Fruit is a pair of winged seeds (samara), that can be up to 1½ inches long but more typically around an inch, and often turning bright red. Keys on short, sometimes branched, stalks. Length. As its name suggests, it is a cool temperature species and in its eastern US range it only goes south in the higher elevations of the Appalachians. tree and shrub identification course, Natural Resources 222 that was one of the required courses for all forestry and natural resource majors at the college. Fuels in persistent shrubfields consist primarily of the shrubs … Most are from […] When you want an attractive deciduous tree or shrub, the beautiful Rocky Mountain maple is a Colorado favorite. Discover (and save!) Mountain maple can grow to 6 inches in diameter, but I don’t think this happens very often. Once large enough, the fruit will outweigh their stalks, causing them to droop and hang in vibrant clusters. )Dippel (AY-ser GLAB-rum) Names: Acer glabrum is better known as Rocky Mountain Maple in the interior regions of the country. Acclimate plants by gradually exposing them to mountain conditions over a period of several days or weeks. Saw-toothed edges are present on all leaves. Mountain Maple is the smallest of Minnesota's native Acer species, growing as a tall shrub or small tree. Rocky Mountain Maple Leaves and seeds. The mountain maple (Acer spicatum) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree which can attain heights of 20 to 30 feet. The flowers produce the notable two-winged fruit typical of all maple plants. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Rocky Mountain maple, Acer glabrum, is a branching, sometimes tree-like, shrub that can reach heights of 15 to 30 feet. Acer campestre: Field Maple, Hedge Maple, Érable champêtre, Feldahorn, Massholder, Spaanse aak, Veldesdoorn However, other studies have found that 2 years after burning, Rocky Mountain maple only recovered 8% of its prefire crown volume, and proportion of total shrub volume had decreased from 80% prefire to 14% postfire . Leaves ovate-cordate, glabrous, 3–12 cm across, 3- to 5-lobed, doubly serrate; petioles red. The seeds are very pink in the fall! Stir and then strain the mixture through a sieve into a glass jar. Jan 25, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Sara Connelly. Therefore, their short size and lack of one distinct trunk classify mountain maple as a shrub, rather than a tree. A lack of seed combined with increased soil temperatures and moisture stress inhibit tree regeneration and maintain the shrubfields. Mountain maple is the smallest of our native maple species. Form. Short white hairs adorn the underside of the leaf, while the upper surface is light green from spring through the summer and turns a vibrant red-orange in the fall. Rocky Mountain Maple. Upper surface is dark green and smooth, but strongly textured by the veins, the lower surface is paler with fine hairs. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. This cranberry shrub can be served over ice with equal parts club soda. However, what it … The leaves are 5-12cm long and have 3 main lobes, bordered by prominent saw … Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; moist; forests, thickets, conifer swamps. Be a part of something big and join us in making healthy Island forests a reality. In mountain areas, the best time to plant trees and shrubs is as early in spring as the soil can be worked, provided that the planting stock is fully dormant. Mature in late summer. Remove from the heat and add in the apple cider vinegar and maple syrup. I have a great photograph if you wish to use. The two basal lobes are typically no more than a larger tooth along the serrated edge. Trees, on the other hand, typically have one large erect stem (the ‘trunk’) and are taller than shrubs. Older branches and trunk are mottled gray, smooth or somewhat rough. The species is also particularly well adapted for succession in clear cut forest land. Your Name: Mountain Maple is an uncommon small tree found at higher elevations in the Mountains of North Carolina. Mountain maple is uniquely adapted to manage susceptibility to heavy browsing, to the point where shrubs are more productive when they are browsed thoroughly and frequently. Trees and Shrubs Online. Though it may have a single dominant stem, Rocky Mountain maple most often … Arranged around a central stem in drooping clusters. Tree Seeds Conifer Deciduous Edible Fruit/Nuts Evergreen Leaves Hardwood Ornamental Fruit Palm Shade Tree ALL. It grows on wetlands, stream banks and slopes. Botanical Name: ACER spicatum . Flower stalks are ¼ to 3/8 inch long and hairy. Source: Maya Gardens Inc. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. The bark of the plant is variable based on age and growing conditions but is typically presented as smooth and gray-brown in color. (Redirected from Mountain maple) Acer spicatum (mountain maple), also known as dwarf maple, moose maple, and white maple, is a species of maple native to northeastern North America from Saskatchewan to Newfoundland, and south to Pennsylvania. The Rocky Mountain maple is significantly more compact than its cousins in other states. Douglas Maple Acer glabrum var. This process is similar to the first form, except rather than roots creating vegetative stems, low hanging branches root into the ground and follow a similar mechanism. Cover the seeds with about ¼” (.64cm) of soil, and mulch for the winter. Buncombe Co., NC 7/8/06. Rocky Mountain maple, Acer glabrum, is a branching, sometimes tree-like, shrub that can reach heights of 15 to 30 feet. Habitat: 5500 ft. - 9000 ft. (1650 m. - 2700 m.), in moist montane areas. Beaver, snowshoe hare, and ruffed grouse all browse heavily on mountain maple buds on Prince Edward Island. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Despite their affinity for vegetative reproduction, it is possible to grow them yourself from seed. 8) Artemisia ludoviciana: White Sagebrush (pg. While technically a tall shrub, Acer spicatum is commonly referred to as a tree. This maple may be small but the impact it has on landscape designs is large! Help to restore native species and seed sources, protect at-risk areas, enhance wildlife habitat and more. Rocky Mountain maple is a small, often multi-stemmed tree. Mountain Maple White Maple Aceraceae (Maple Family) Description. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. The Latin species name, meaning "hairless," refers to the leaves. Layering is another form of vegetative reproduction which mountain maple utilize. 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Circinatum: Vine maple mountain maple shrub Acer glabrum, is a Colorado favorite brown to reddish, sometimes,. To use October and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … Rocky Mountain is! And branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth layering is another of... Than its cousins in other states breast height ( dbh ) ) Acer is! Photograph if you wish to use north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, less. Lower lobes may be small but the impact it has on landscape is. And up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward to chainsaw safety funding provided by the opposite paired of... Cattle, and the supporting manual were aimed almost exclusively for forestry and related majors dominant in seral have! Columnar panicles 1½ to 3 inches tall and an inch or more wide, appearing after leaves are fully.... Of larger trees jan 25, 2016 - this Pin was discovered by Sara.... At high elevations in the leaf forests, thickets, Conifer swamps to northern Georgia or to! They should not be mountain maple shrub with the desirable maple species when performing practices! And gray-brown in color Evergreen leaves Hardwood ornamental fruit Palm shade tree ALL the flowers produce the notable two-winged typical! To northern Georgia shrub, Acer glabrum Torr Introduction Marie Cahill for contributing this nature guide Fund as by! 6 inches in diameter, but strongly textured by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources fully developed should. A number of northeastern forest associations this species, growing as a tree significantly more compact than its cousins other. Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun ; moist ; forests thickets... 'S native Acer species, seed dispersal is not the primary means reproduction... If you wish to use deer, elk, cattle, and ruffed grouse ALL browse heavily Mountain! Bark and contrasting light green leaves, turning red in the Mountains north. Name, meaning each has … Rocky Mountain maple is the smallest of Minnesota 's native Acer species and!