Heinz is the widow of former U.S. Two younger brothers died during childhood, leaving Peggy as the youngest in the family. An hour or so later, Washington arrived at West Point with his party and was disturbed to see the stronghold's fortifications in such neglect, part of the plan to weaken West Point's defenses. He was then caught by three American freelance soldiers just a few miles from British-held New York City, New York. He lived in the home of Caleb Cope, enjoying the freedom of the town, as he had given his word not to escape. Peggy was long thought to be innocent of any wrongdoing — just another victim of her husband’s deceit — but historians have become convinced that she not only committed treason with Benedict but quite possibly helped initiate the plan. John Heinz … His breakfast being sent to him from the table of General Washington, which had been done every day of his confinement, he partook of it as usual, and having shaved and dressed himself, he placed his hat upon the table, and cheerfully said to the guard officers, "I am ready at any moment, gentlemen, to wait on you." [16], A religious poem was found in his pocket after his execution, written two days beforehand.[17]. – from a letter written by Washington to Colonel. John André (2 May 1751 – 2 October 1780) was a major in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. Wife of American Traitor General Benedict Arnold Peggy (Margaret) Shippen was born on July 11, 1760, to one of the most prominent families in Philadelphia, which included two Philadelphia mayors and the founder of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania. Peggy had three older sisters and an older brother. Their friendship became the foundation for the treason for which Peggy’s husband, Benedict Arnold, became infamous. André's defense was that he was suborning an enemy officer, "an advantage taken in war" (his words). Having left a mother and two sisters in England, he was heard to mention them in terms of the tenderest affection, and in his letter to Sir Henry Clinton, he recommended them to his particular attention. Only 4 left in stock - order soon. This was due to an incident in which he assisted Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to … John Andre (1750 – 1780) joined the British Army in 1771, and was posted to Canada in 1774, on the eve of the American Revolutionary War. Sent to America in 1774, André became chief intelligence officer to the British commander in chief, General Sir Henry Clinton, in New York City. JJ Feild was born on April 1, 1978 in Boulder, Colorado, USA as John Joseph Feild. When his British contact, Major John André, was captured by the Americans, Arnold escaped on a British ship, leaving André to be hanged as a spy. He bore six papers hidden in his stocking, written in Arnold's hand, that showed the British how to take the fort. The trial lasted four weeks and ended in acquittal for lack of evidence. John André (May 2, 1750 – October 2, 1780) was a British army officer hanged as a spy during the American Revolutionary War. Shippen also introduces Arnold to the enemy. During his confinement and trial, he exhibited those proud and elevated sensibilities which designate greatness and dignity of mind. In the poem, André muses on his foiling of a foraging expedition in Bergen across the Hudson from the city. He therefore insisted on sending a note to Arnold informing him of the entire situation. In 1779, André became Adjutant General of the British Army in America with the rank of Major. At the moment, therefore, when suddenly he came in view of the gallows, he involuntarily started backward, and made a pause. His son David became a merchant at Genoa in Italy and died there 8 March 1737/8 but his will was proved in London. He was 38; she was 18. The deal would allow the British to separate out New England from the dissident colonies. On October 2, 1780, British officer Major John André was executed by hanging as a British spy. He was briefly engaged to Honora Sneyd. More likely, they say, she played a significant role. An intelligent, charismatic and beautiful teen, Peggy enjoyed high society. Soon after her husband’s defection, Peggy went to live with her family in Philadelphia, but was soon banned from the city. Their third son William (died 1747) went to Geneva and married Mary Privat (died 1767). He also acted in The Waltons, Bonanza, Gunsmoke and Petticoat Junction. [19][20] Nathan Strickland,[21][22] André's executioner, who was confined at the camp in Tappan as a dangerous Tory during André's trial, was granted liberty for accepting the duty of hangman and returned to his home in the Ramapo Valley or Smith's Cove, and nothing further of him is known. Raised by an artistically gifted family near the Caspian Sea in southern Russia, Andre Kohn’s childhood was marked by an unfettered access to all the creative arts. Shortly thereafter, on 23 September 1780, Arnold's attempt to surrender West Point to the British was uncovered with the arrest of Maj. John André (1751-1780), the British spy with whom he had plotted. Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. Senator John Heinz and the wife of former U.S. Secretary of State, longtime U.S. She met Arnold during his tenure as military commander of the city following the British withdrawal in 1778. He passed along news of how many troops were stationed at the fort and when defenses might be weakest. The sacrifice of André made Arnold odious to loyalists, and his reputation was further tarnished among his former neighbours when he led a raid on New London, Connecticut, in September 1781. This was unnecessary, since Clinton already knew the fort's layout. William had ten children and t… [citation needed] Joshua Hett Smith, who was accompanying him, left him just before he was captured. In 1777, when British captured Philadelphia, Shippen family held social gathering. 2, 1780) was a British intelligence officer during the American Revolution.In 1779, he assumed oversight of secret intelligence for the British army and opened contact with American traitor Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold.Andre was later captured, convicted, and hanged as … She knows exactly whom to contact: her former lover in the English army, John Andre. The other son John married Louise Vazeille and had seven children. [11] André testified at his trial that the men searched his boots for the purpose of robbing him. It was a month after their marriage that Benedict embarked on his career as a traitor to the Continental army. WARNING: SPOILERS WATCH IN 1080p The most beautiful and tragic love story I have ever seen! The brothers finally agreed to row after threats by Arnold to arrest them. It was a tragical scene of the deepest interest. "Why this emotion, sir?" He is an actor and producer, known for Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), Centurion (2010) and Austenland (2013). Perhaps the most notable liaison of Peggy’s teenage years was the one she had with Major John André, a British officer who, like her, seemed to break hearts wherever he went. On 29 September 1780, the board found André guilty of being behind American lines "under a feigned name and in a disguised habit" and ordered that "Major André, Adjutant-General to the British Army, ought to be considered as a Spy from the enemy, and that agreeable to the law and usage of nations, it is their opinion, he ought to suffer death. "Gentlemen," he said, "I hope you belong to our party." (Author of the elegy on Capt. JJ Feild, Actor: Captain America: The First Avenger. Upon receipt, John Andre’s spy shop would apply chemicals to Peggy’s letter, which reacted with and revealed the invisible ink letter in Arnold’s hand beneath. For Andre died on the gallows as a spy, though he probably would have avoided that fate had the British spared Hale. asked one of the men. John Andre was born in London in 1750 to French Protestant (Huguenot) parents. In April of that year, he took charge of British Secret Service in America. The day before his hanging, André drew a likeness of himself with pen and ink, which is now owned by Yale College. Andre was an officer in General William Howe's command. He first learned to use on-the-ground information from Native Americans and deserting French soldiers during the French and Indian War. André then told them that he was a British officer who must not be detained, when, to his surprise, they said that they were Continentals, and that he was their prisoner. In the years before his death in 1801, Benedict traveled to various outposts, including Canada and Guadeloupe in the Caribbean, always trying to make money. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. In 1780, she joined Benedict in New York, where she gave birth to their second child on August 28, 1781. He was promoted to captain in the 26th Foot on 18 January 1777, and to major in 1778. So soon, however, as he perceived that things were in readiness, he stepped quickly into the wagon, and at this moment he appeared to shrink, but instantly elevating his head with firmness he said, "It will be but a momentary pang," and taking from his pocket two white handkerchiefs, the provost-marshal, with one, loosely pinioned his arms, and with the other, the victim, after taking off his hat and stock, bandaged his own eyes with perfect firmness, which melted the hearts and moistened the cheeks, not only of his servant, but of the throng of spectators. Teresa Heinz has three sons with her first husband, John Heinz: Henry John Heinz IV, André Thierstein Heinz, and Christopher Drake Heinz. André offered them his horse and watch, if they would let him go, but they declined. He passed away in Hollywood, California in 1984 from cancer. Benjamin Rush is best known for his political activities during the American Revolution, including signing the Declaration of Independence. From the beginning of Washington’s meteoric rise, intelligence gathering helped shape his military career. He had a lively and pleasant manner and could draw, paint, and create silhouettes, as well as sing and write verse. A pension was awarded by the British to his mother and three sisters not long after his death, and his brother William André was made a baronet in his honour in 1781 (see André baronets). André appealed to George Washington to be executed as a gentleman by being shot rather than hanged as a "common criminal", but by the rules of war he was hanged as a spy at Tappan, New York on 2 October 1780. Their repulsion of the British sloop effectively stranded André on shore.[5][6][7][8]. She, not Benedict, was the one who had been André’s friend; and Benedict’s offer to André came just a month after he and Peggy married. On the morning of 22 September, the two American patriots, Peterson and Sherwood launched a two-hour cannonade on the Vulture, which sustained many hits and was forced to retire down river. Jameson sent General George Washington the six sheets of paper carried by André, but he was unwilling to believe that Benedict Arnold could be guilty of treason. "What party?" Peggy came of age during the American Revolution, in which she eventually played a significant role. The two, however, remained in touch. An eyewitness account of André's last day can be found in the book The American Revolution: From the Commencement to the Disbanding of the American Army Given in the Form of a Daily Journal, with the Exact Dates of all the Important Events; Also, a Biographical Sketch of the Most Prominent Generals by James Thacher, M.D., a surgeon in the American Revolutionary Army: October 2d.-- Major André is no more among the living. In December 1776, he was freed in a prisoner exchange. Cray, Robert E. Jr., "Major John Andre and the Three Captors: Class Dynamics and Revolutionary Memory Wars in the Early Republic, 1780–1831", This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 01:08. André, according to witnesses, placed the noose around his own neck. E.J. Teresa Met Her First Husband, John Heinz, While a Student at the University of Geneva. John André (2 May 1751[1][unreliable source?] John André, (born May 2, 1750, London, England—died October 2, 1780, Tappan, New York, U.S.), British army officer who negotiated with the American general Benedict Arnold and was executed as a spy during the American Revolution (1775–83).. However, he did not attempt to pass the blame onto Arnold. Andre Braugher was born on July 1, 1962 in Chicago, Illinois, USA as Andre Keith Braugher. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The 1798 play André, based on Major André's execution, is one of the earliest examples of American tragedy. He betrayed no want of fortitude, but retained a complacent smile on his countenance, and politely bowed to several gentlemen whom he knew, which was respectfully returned. At first, all went well for André since post commandant Lieutenant Colonel John Jameson decided to send him to Arnold, never suspecting that a high-ranking hero of the Revolution could be a turncoat. On Oct. 2, 1780, British intelligence officer John Andre met his awful fate with courage, much as his American counterpart Nathan Hale met his four years earlier. Washington and other prominent American leaders sympathized, thinking she was as much a victim of Benedict’s treachery as they themselves were. Paulding realized that he was a spy and took him to Continental Army headquarters in Sand's Hill (in today's Armonk, New York,[12] a hamlet within North Castle situated on the Connecticut border of Westchester County. During his nearly nine months in Philadelphia, André occupied Benjamin Franklin's house, from which it has been claimed that he removed several valuable items on the orders of Major-General Charles Grey when the British left Philadelphia, including an oil portrait of Franklin by Benjamin Wilson. He contacted Peggy’s friend André and offered to provide him with information that would help the British win the war. Teresa Heinz … John Andre conspired with Continental Army […] Their evidence? John Andretti, the retired NASCAR and IndyCar driver, has died at the age of 56. [24] In 1821, at the behest of the Duke of York, his remains, which had been buried under the gallows, were removed to England[25] and placed among kings and poets at Westminster Abbey, in the nave, under a marble monument depicting Britannia mourning alongside a British lion over André's death. [26], The names of André's captors were John Paulding, David Williams, and Isaac Van Wert. The principal guard officer, who was constantly in the room with the prisoner, relates that when the hour of execution was announced to him in the morning, he received it without emotion, and while all present were affected with silent gloom, he retained a firm countenance, with calmness and composure of mind. The presence of the warship was discovered by two American privates, John Peterson and Moses Sherwood the following morning on September 21. Most recent historians believe that Peggy was at the very least complicit in her husband’s treason. Arnold's Loyalist wife Peggy Shippen was one of the go-betweens in the correspondence. When France entered war in June 1778, André left Philadelphia with his fellow troops. Posted on June 1, 2014 Updated on June 1, 2014. She rarely appears in public with André and once said in an interview that she doesn't want to be defined by her husband. She was 44 years old. It was at these gatherings that Peggy first met John Andre. While waiting and standing near the gallows, I observed some degree of trepidation; placing his foot on a stone, and rolling it over and choking in his throat, as if attempting to swallow. – from a letter of George Washington to, "An accomplished man and gallant officer." Peggy devoted herself to her children — four sons and a daughter — scrambling to ensure their financial well-being before she died of cancer on August 24, 1804. [1] He was educated at St Paul's School, Westminster School, and in Geneva. He was a prolific writer who carried on much of General Henry Clinton's correspondence, the British Commander-in-Chief of British armies in America. Peggy served as Arnold’s accomplice in his famous act of treachery against the United States, not only helping him secure an audience with John André, a British officer she had befriended as a young woman in Philadelphia, but also flirting and cajoling Robert R. Livingston into securing Arnold’s strategic position at … He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York, to the British. [15]Sargent, The life and career of Major John André, 400. Winston Churchill was a British military leader and statesman. Observing his servant enter the room in tears, he exclaimed, "Leave me till you can show yourself more manly!" André wanted to know how he would be treated by Washington. The board consisted of Major Generals Nathanael Greene (the presiding officer), Lord Stirling, Arthur St. Clair, Lafayette (who cried at André's execution), Robert Howe, Steuben, Brigadier Generals Samuel H. Parsons, James Clinton, Henry Knox, John Glover, John Paterson, Edward Hand, Jedediah Huntington, John Stark, and Judge Advocate General John Laurance. The precise convergence of three dynamic forces—culture, environment, and talent—combined to produce one of the most collected figurative painters on the American art scene today. Teresa Heinz (born Maria Teresa Thierstein Simões-Ferreira; October 5, 1938), also known as Teresa Heinz Kerry, is a Portuguese-American businesswoman and philanthropist. [23] In 1804 a memorial plaque by Charles Regnart was erected in the Grosvenor Chapel in London, to John's memory. Despite Arnold's assurances, the two oarsmen sensed that something was wrong. None of these men knew Arnold's purpose or suspected his treason; all were told that the purpose was to do good for the patriot cause. He then told them that he was a U.S. officer and showed them his passport, but the suspicions of his captors were now aroused. Intelligence, he learned, could make the difference between victory or death. André rode on in safety until 9 a.m. on 23 September, when he came near Tarrytown, New York,[clarification needed] where armed militiamen John Paulding, Isaac Van Wart, and David Williams stopped him.[9][10]. I have just witnessed his exit. General Washington convened a board of senior officers to investigate the matter. Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. Ships from and sold by sweethomeliquid2. He … "We do," was the answer. In December 1781, they left for London. He also wrote many comic verses. [16]Anna Seward, Monody on Major Andre. Andretti was a member of the famous racing Andretti family. On the day of his capture, James Rivington published André's poem "The Cow Chase" in his gazette in New York. [4] From their position at Teller's Point they began to assail the Vulture and a longboat associated with it with rifle and musket fire. He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York, to the British. The United States Congress gave each of them a pension of $200 a year and a silver medal, known as the Fidelity Medallion. Her father was a well-respected lawyer and judge; her mother was the daughter of a prominent lawyer. Two days later, when Arnold heard of Andre's arrest, he fled to the Vulture, a … They were so wonderful together. Colonel Scammel now informed him that he had an opportunity to speak, if he desired it; he raised the handkerchief from his eyes, and said, "I pray you to bear me witness that I meet my fate like a brave man." While a prisoner, he endeared himself to American officers who lamented his death as much as the British. Alexander Hamilton wrote of him: "Never perhaps did any man suffer death with more justice, or deserve it less." His father was a merchant, born in Geneva, Switzerland; his mother was born in France and moved to England when she was young. Richard Henry Lee was an American statesman from Virginia who made the motion, known as the Lee Resolution, for independence from Great Britain. When the British took control of Philadelphia in 1777, Peggy met John André, a charming, well-educated British officer. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Benedict had become commander of West Point, a strategic fort on the Hudson River. André Rieu has been married to his wife, Marjorie Rieu, for 40 years (as he told us in an exclusive Valentine's Day video – link below). Instantly recovering his composure, he said, "I am reconciled to my death, but I detest the mode." All were honoured in the names of counties in Ohio, and in 1853 a monument was erected to their memory on the place where they captured André. He was fluent in English, French, German, and Italian. While they were gone, a small boat furnished by Arnold was steered to the Vulture by Joshua Hett Smith. To aid André's escape through U.S. lines, Arnold provided him with civilian clothes and a passport which allowed him to travel under the name John Anderson. André was born on 2 May 1750 in London to wealthy Huguenot parents Antoine André, a merchant from Geneva, Switzerland, and Marie Louise Girardot from Paris, France. [28], British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, Head of British Secret Service in America, NOTE: The capture occurred in the area of present day, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis, Intelligence in the American Revolutionary War, "Pounds Sterling to Dollars: Historical Conversion of Currency", "Commemorating the Defense of Teller's Point", Local History: British Agent Detained in Tarrytown, Executed in Rockland, "Benedict Arnold, John André, and His Three Yeoman Captors: A Sentimental Journey or American Virtue Defined", "The Capture of Major John André" by A.C. Warren (1856), Letters from André, including coded interchange between André and Arnold, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_André&oldid=992199854, 18th-century executions by the United States, 18th-century executions by New York (state), British Army personnel of the American Revolutionary War, British military personnel killed in the American Revolutionary War, British spies during the American Revolution, Huguenot participants in the American Revolution, People executed by the United States military by hanging, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "He was more unfortunate than criminal." Singer Eddie Fisher topped the charts in the 1950s and made headlines when he left wife Debbie Reynolds to become Elizabeth Taylor's fourth husband. The prisoner was at first detained at Wright's Mill in North Castle,[13] before being taken back across the Hudson to the headquarters of the American army at Tappan, where he was held at a tavern today known as the '76 House. It was re-dedicated in 1880 and today is located in Patriot's Park on U.S. Route 9 along the boundary between Tarrytown and Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County. The two men conferred in the woods below Stony Point on the river's west bank until nearly dawn, after which André accompanied Arnold several miles to the Joshua Hett Smith House (Treason House) in West Haverstraw, New York, owned by Thomas Smith and occupied by his brother Joshua. Among her ancestors were two mayors of Philadelphia. He is an actor and producer, known for Homicide: Life on the Street (1993), Frequency (2000) and The Mist (2007). 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