Though initially an agricultural grass, fescue eventually gained popularity as a pasture grass during the early 20th century. Choosing the right seed is important, Bonide offers several types of seeds specific to your needs. It is not necessary to water your lawn day in, day out. To overseed your lawn, use roughly half the quantity of seeds that you would apply if you were cultivating a brand-new lawn. Zoysia grows best in soil with a pH of 5.8 to 7.0. is generally the cool season grass of choice. The best grass choices for Transition Zone areas can tolerate a combination of climate conditions. You can keep your grass green throughout the hottest and driest periods if you know how to care for transitional zone lawn grass during the summer months. In areas where the climate is a mix of warm and cool patterns, it can be more difficult to maintain your grass. Tall fescue has become one of the most popular lawn species throughout the central and northern parts of the zone. Updated 11/23/20 -- Please Check Back For Updates, Grandol & KL-Grandol: Dry & Oiled – Fertilizer Filler – Anti-Skid Material – Kitty Litter Products, AG-10 Damp Lime – Mined Agricultural Limestone, Find Agricultural Lime for Sale at Baker Lime, The Many Uses of Limestone: Ways to Use Limestone, Livestock Management Tips for Small-Scale Farmers, How to Create and Maintain a Healthy Pasture. Aside from tall fescue and zoysia, the most optimal grass types for transition states are bluegrass, ryegrass and thermal blue. Guarantees | Generally Kentucky bluegrass cultivars are susceptible to summer patch when grown in Raleigh, which can be difficult to manage without the use of fungicides. The grass can be chosen in bright green and darker varieties. Accounting Questions, HAVE The transition zone is characterized by a mixed climate that falls between the more clear-cut weather patterns of the cool zone to the north and the warm zone along the nation’s southern rim. temperatures decline. During the warm months when Zoysia grows, it assumes a medium-green color. Taller grass will also make your lawn more resistant to the spread of weeds. If the opposite occurs and winter is when your grass looks its healthiest, you have a cold season lawn. Since not all grasses are suited to grow in the transition zone that covers … In fact, if you reseed your lawn in the fall, overseeding is the far preferable option, especially if you have cultivated a cold-season grass type like bluegrass, ryegrass or tall fescue. Privacy & Security | The success of your lawn will depend on numerous things. Planting However, zoysia maintains its greenness for longer periods than most other grasses that thrive in the summer months. Tall fescues are among the more common transition zone grasses because the grass is able to withstand cold and hot weather. Cool-seasongrasses all thrive in northern areas, including Canada, as well as higher elevations farther south. Worldwide For the cold winter, humid zone and the mild winter humid zones, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass and fine fescue are the most popular grasses. In the transition zone, the most popular grass is turf-type tall fescue. If your lawn consists of cold-season grass, try a weed killer appropriate for such lawns. Questions? The transition zone (the green area on the map) sometimes requires mixtures or blends of warm- and cool-season grasses. Bahia grass is a tough, warm-season turfgrass especially suited to the heat and humidity of the South. For transitional grasses, liming is an important treatment. If you live at a higher altitude, the effects of weather on your lawn are bound to be different than for residents who live in valleys or near bodies of water. For optimal weed resistance, mow the grass lightly during spring, as the taller grass is more capable of defeating the spread of weeds. If you live in the Northern area of the Transition Zone or still wish to maintain a cool season grass in your area -- perhaps that is what is working for your neighbors -- then When choosing grass to grow for transition zone lawn stretches, tall fescue is one of the most durable and resilient options. However, they usually go dormant during winter months in these areas. Once established it creates a dense, high-quality turf that has excellent heat, cold, and shade tolerance, repairs itself as it grows, requires less water than other grass types, and needs less mowing. These days, transition zone residents demand more options with the quality of their lawns. The main growing period for cool-season grass is in spring and fall when soil temperature is 50 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit, and the air temperature is 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. ONLINE | Exports | At golf courses, seeds are spread in excess quantities to cultivate thick, dense lawns and overpower weed growth. Zoysia also has sufficient tolerance toward colder weather, which makes the grass one of the rare suitable options for the dichotomous climate of the transition zone. Even though zoysia is warm season grass and fescue is cool season grass, both last considerably longer into their offseasons and can be extended further when you know how to care for a grass lawn in transition zone areas. Given its transition zone location, choosing a lawn grass is a difficult decision in many parts of Virginia. For turf managers who maintain golf courses in Transition Zones worldwide, such areas And, he adds, it's a very aggressive grass. The most important thing is planting the right grass for your area or zone. Raise the blades on your lawnmower by one or two inches for best results. The state of North Carolina is commonly called a “transition zone” in terms of what grasses will best flourish here. Therefore, you need to keep your leaves raked and out of the way of your grass. Cool season grasses may be Zone 7 is a temperate zone characterized by mild winters and hot summers. Buffalograss is a good choice for unirrigated lawns in western semiarid regions. If your lawn is vulnerable to weed growth, consider the option of overseeding. For the first couple watering sessions, monitor the flow of water to ensure that it spreads effectively and doesn’t lead to waste at any side of the lawn. purposes is to see what your neighbors have good luck with. The mountain region (USDA Horticultural zones 5b-6b) is likely best suited for cool-season turf, but even here we have a few zoysiagrass and bermudagrass lawns, and a host of bermudagrass athletic fields and golf courses. The advantages of tall fescues can be summarized as follows: Tall fescue was first cultivated in Europe and introduced to the states in the early 19th century. & EXISTING The Best of all Limestone: Its pellet size provides easy spreading with little dust. Each week, a zoysia lawn should receive one inch of rainfall or irrigation, as this will maintain the color. These problems have been addressed in the development of improved grass types such as the improved bermuda grass varieties -- Yukon Bermuda Grass, Riviera Bermuda Grass and others. Tall fescues are among the more common transition zone grasses because the grass is able to withstand cold and hot weather. Riviera Bermuda Grass, are perennial in most parts of the Transition Zone. It spreads rapidly, tolerates shade well, and can come up on the other side of a 12-inch deep barrier. Wholesale | To properly irrigate your lawn, the soil will need to absorb the water for effective root penetration. The region, according to the GCSSA’s Golf Course Environmental … Combat Extreme™ Transition Zone Grass Seed three way turf type fescue grass seed blend that produces grass with fine to medium leaf blades which allow it to form a dense turf. Is Lime Harmful to Humans? Quality Issues | If you live along the Mid-Atlantic, your area falls within the transition zone between warm and cool weather patterns. Tall fescue grows fastest during the months of March, April, October and November — especially if the temperatures are relatively cool for these times of year. If you wish to confine overseeding to select areas, loosen the soil with a fork along those spots and then sprinkle with seeds. Caring for a transition zone lawn requires a mixture of warm-season grass and cold-season grass lawn care techniques. SEASON | WARM SEASON | TROPICAL It’s native to the Gulf Coast regions, West Indies and Western Africa.St. If your grass thrives in the summer and turns dull in the winter, you have a warm-season lawn. Choosing transition zone grass can be difficult without a working knowledge of grass characteristics. Traditionally homeowners and turf grass professionals in the Transition Zone usually have to choose the lesser of two evils -- either a lawn or turf grass that's green in the winter The “transition zone” makes up about the bottom half of New Jersey. Due to these traits, zoysia is one of the most popular transition zone grasses along the Mid-Atlantic region. Note that Bermuda grass is a very aggressive grass. Bermudagrass, centipedegrass, and zoysiagrass are warm-season grasses that can grow in the transition zone. All Rights Reserved. Zoysia is also characterized by its thick, deep roots that store moisture and allow the grass to withstand periods of dryness. The best grasses for these zones are Pensacola and Argentine Bahia grasses, Bermuda grass, carpet grass (Zone 9 only), centipede grass, St. Augustine grass and zoysia grass. Copyright © 2020 Baker Lime.com. The states of Maryland, Delaware, North Carolina, and Virginia are swallowed up in the transition zone, as is most of West Virginia and southern Pennsylvania. Author/Reviewed By: Josh Miller, Sales Manager: Baker Lime & North America Minerals VISIT Warm-season and cool-season grasses may be grown in transitional growing zones, but the types of lawn grass that are suitable in your area may depend on elevation, sun/shade exposure, temperature highs and lows and average yearly rainfall. When it comes to lawn care, transition zone methods that are most effective during autumn involve fertilization and seed planting. Combat Extreme™ is a great lawn seed for shady areas, something that warm season grasses cannot provide. Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… This deep-rootedness makes it more tolerant of dryness, heat and shade than most other grasses. Inspect your lawn regularly to ensure that no puddles form. Although Meyer zoysia is a very desirable grass for fairways in the transition zone, it is not without problems. This fescue grass seed blend produces grass with superior heat and … How to Care for a Lawn in the Transition Zone, Baker Lime for Transition Zone Lawn Grass, COVID-19 Status: We are open for normal operations. And many homeowners in the Zone make it easier for warm-season grasses to move in by caring for their cool-season lawns incorrectly in summer. For warm-season grass types like zoysia, fertilization is most effective immediately after the grass turns green during the early weeks of spring. | Diseases | Fertilizers | Irrigation | Mowing Published: 10/4/2018 – Updated: 3/20/2020. Because of its slow growth rate, the vegetative material required to establish it is costly. Once the grass takes root in a hospitable climate, zoysia returns year after year during the warming season. Landscaping Outdoor Projects Best Grass Types for DC-Area Lawns July 29th, 2019 by . During the summer months, The other type of grass that is most ideal for lawn care in the transition zone is zoysia, which can be cultivated into thick green lawns with minimal intervention. Removing Zoysia; Reducing Lawn Size; Groundcovers: the other … Bahia Grass; Bermudagrass; Blue Grama; Buffalo Grass; Carpetgrass; Centipede; Dicondra; Hilograss; Kikuyu Grass; Monkey Grass; St. Augustinegrass. North of us, cool season grasses which cannot survive high temperatures predominate. Identifying transitional zone grasses is relatively easy if you examine their behavior on a seasonal basis. On a map of the United States, the transition zone is a horizontal region that runs along the lower half of the country. Those that live in the north need cool season grasses, while those that live in the south need warm season varieties. ©1999 -2013 Seedland®, Inc. - All rights reserved. Tall fescue is adaptive to a range of soils and can grow fast with only a minimum amount of fertilizer. Yukon Bermuda Grass and FOR NEW Grass types that are optimal for cold weather are easy to maintain in the summer months and less difficult to preserve throughout winter, because grasses of this sort can tolerate dryness and shade. Be careful not to mow your lawn too close, since scalped grass is less water-receptive than bladed grass. grass which goes dormant (and brown in color) in the cool days The two most opportune situations for infestation are wet piles of leaves and puddles. Throughout the transition zone of the United States, cold tolerance is a critically important selection factor with warm-season turf grasses. one of the more "cold hardy" warm season grasses can help keep your lawn in It spreads rapidly, tolerates shade well, and can come up on the other side of a 12-inch deep barrier. Which States Are Located in the Transition Zone? Of course, seasonal effects on grass do not follow a uniform trend across the transition zone, as effects can actually vary between shorter distances. USA Sales | Email, GRAPHS | COOL Powell, Jr., long-time turf specialist at the University of Kentucky, was somewhat Labeled a grass of the future in the region numerous times since superintendent Mel Anderson installed Meyer zoysiagrass, a Z. japonica cultivar named after USDA plan explorer Frank N. Meyer, at Kansas’ Alvamar Golf Club (since renamed The Jayhawk Club) in 1968, zoysiagrass remains an anomaly in the Transition Zone. Pre-emergence herbicides such as Ronstar are used to prevent weed seed germination following aggressive vertical mowing or aeration, as these practices create voids for weed invasion. Yukon Bermuda grass and Riviera Bermuda Grass, there are more people planting these grass types in the transition zone. The transition zone gobbles up nearly half of the Deep South and continues between states that comprise the southwest, cresting in central-east California. Itis neither a southern area where warm-season grasses are best adapted nor a northern climate where cool-season grasses thrive. In general, the Transition Zone often has very dry and hot summers with cold winter months. When you add lime to your lawn, it balances the pH level of the grass and gives you a healthier-looking lawn throughout the season. Grass The grass is drought resistant, although it will need more watering during the hotter months compared to other warm grass types. With the development of improved, cold tolerant, and great looking warm season grass types such as Zoysia Grass, It is also crucial to know when to fertilize transition zone lawn stretches according to grass type. Advertising | Water your lawn several times each week during morning and evening hours, when the sun is down and the heat is less intense. It survives farther north than Bermuda grass due to its improved … | GRASS ALTERNATIVES. Simply defined, the Transition Zone is an overlap area for plants. In order to get a greener year-round lawn in this region of the country, you need to know your grass type. If your lawn has been plagued with mosquito infestations in the past, consider applying a bug suppressant across your lawn every eight weeks throughout each warm season. Cool/Humid -This zone includes Northeast, a few of the Midwest states, and much of the Pacific Northwest. of fall & winter. Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass also are widely used in the northern part of the zone. Our average temperatures are definitely increasing, making it more difficult to maintain cool-season grasses over the summer in the Transition Zone. Water these spots daily for the next two weeks. The transitional zones occur in areas that experience mild climates with cool winters and seasonably warm summers. Some states fall completely within the transition zone, while others are only partially included. Sales | While there is no one rule of thumb about which grass works best, … Mosquitoes can also breed in water puddles in grassy areas. Emerald Zoysia; Getting ready for Spring; Transitional. The transition zone of the USA has historically been a somewhat difficult area for residents to choose a grass type that meets their expectations. Tall fescue is the most common and best adapted transition grass type in the eastern transition zone. Our South-Atlantic Transitional goat pasture blend has been designed for the transitional zone of the eastern United States, an area that experiences both the hot, humid climate of the South and the cooler temperatures further north. Along the Mid-Atlantic seaboard between southern New Jersey and the entire northern ti… the grasses used in summer... 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