It works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production. ", "What Happened to Bush Call for Switchgrass? Switchgrass . Yet, they, along with bay grasses, actually are a diverse group that encompasses reeds and seaweeds.There are more than 3,500 species of graminoids in the world. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Book Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants. Also, there are several pesticides that are safe to apply to some turfgrass species, but not others. Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. There are several switchgrass varieties to choose from and its high tolerance for different planting sites makes ornamental switchgrass a great choice for any landscape. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It spreads by rhizomes and forms loose clumps or patches. Weeds should be mowed just above the height of the growing switchgrass. Cave-In Rock Switchgrass is a long-living, perennial warm-season grass that makes very good bedding and cover for wildlife. Regional guidelines for growing and managing switchgrass for bioenergy or conservation plantings are available. [2] Overall, it is considered a resource-efficient, low-input crop for producing bioenergy from farmland. Colors. Switchgrass is both a perennial and self-seeding crop, which means farmers do not have to plant and reseed after annual harvesting. Generally speaking, the direct firing of switchgrass for thermal applications can provide the highest net energy gain and energy output-to-input ratio of all switchgrass bioconversion processes. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum L. Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. Common Name of Switchgrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. They took into account air and water emissions associated with growing, managing, processing and storing the switchgrass crop. Scientific name definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Switchgrass has a deep fibrous root system – nearly as deep as the plant is tall. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 16:11. Habit. cubense Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. native perennial, reproducing by seed … Switchgrass pellets were identified to have a 14.6:1 energy output-to-input ratio, which is substantially better than that for liquid biofuel options from farmland. [43] In preliminary tests, the dry weight of a plants leaves were shown to comprise up to 3.7% of the polymer. Scientific Update – changing with the times during covid-19. ", "Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass", http://www.reap-canada.com/online_library/feedstock_biomass/The%20Emerging%20Agro-Pellet%20Industry%20in%20Canada%20(Samson%20et%20al.,%202007).pdf, http://www.gtmconference.ca/site/downloads/2008presentations/5B3%20-Frigon.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11367-010-0177-2, "Bacteria take plants to biofuel in one step", "Direct conversion of plant biomass to ethanol by engineered Caldicellulosiruptor bescii", "Plant Fact Sheet, Panicum virgatum (switchgrass)", 10.1892/0891-6640(2006)20[1414:FPPDHI]2.0.CO;2, "Table 28. Learn more about the species we are working to protecting from becoming endangered or extinct. D. Pimental. As businesses around the world have had to postpone and cancel live meetings, conferences and training courses in response to COVID-19 disease, workplace and group training has become one of the earliest and hardest-hit business activities. Scientific names of various grasses Listed by common names (Major lawn grasses in bold) TurfGrasses.com - NAMES: COMMON NAME ... Switchgrass: Panicum virgatum: Three awn - Purple: Aristida purpurea: Timothy: Phleum pratense: Wheatgrass - Bluebunch: Agropyron spicatum: Wheatgrass … It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock. Panic raide. Click here to search books using title name,author name and keywords. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America.It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum Bloom Period: July/September Height: 3-5 feet Soil ... Switch Grass is a warm-season grass; it actively grows during the summer when soil temperatures are warm. It will spread slowly over time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is planted. It can grow and even thrive in many weather conditions, lengths of growing seasons, soil types, and land conditions. 2008. They also factored in the transportation of the stored switchgrass to the ethanol plant where they assumed the distance was 20 km. Write the full scientific name by placing the two italicized terms in the proper order with a space between them. Learn More. U.S. Weed Information. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. Chemical weed control can be used in the fall prior to establishment, or before or after planting. The upland types tend to have more vigorous rhizomes, so the lowland cultivars may appear to have a bunchgrass habit, while the upland types tend to be more sod-forming. [3], Switchgrass is a versatile and adaptable plant. / Acre Turfgrass Identification. Kanlow originates from lowland sites near Wetumka, Oklahoma. Using modern analytical equipment One Scientific provide our customers with a cost effective quality service for both microbiological and chemical testing. Switchgrass genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Switchgrass ‘Kanlow’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Switchgrass; Sand Dropseed; Plains Bristlegrass Page 11: Answer 5. In contrast, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol and corn ethanol were found to mitigate 5.2 and 1.5 tonnes of CO2 per hectare, respectively. 311. (Farr, et.al) Geographic Distribution. The switchgrass plots reached maturity in 2011, then experienced steady yield declines from 2013 onward, so in 2016, the decision was made to convert the switchgrass plots back to an annual maize rotation, beginning in 2017. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). (. Japanese stiltgrass ( Microstegium vimineum ), also called Nepalese browntop, is an aggressive invader of forest lands throughout the eastern United States. Planting switchgrass after the soil is well warmed during the spring. The main agronomic advantages of switchgrass as a bioenergy crop are its stand longevity, drought and flooding tolerance, relatively low herbicide and fertilizer input requirements, ease of management, hardiness in poor soil and climate conditions, and widespread adaptability in temperate climates. [11] Plantings that appear to have failed due to weed infestations are often wrongly assessed, as the failure is often more apparent than real. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. In Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems: Benefits and Risks. Herbicides are not often used on switchgrass after the seeding year, as the crop is generally quite competitive with weeds. Disturbance such as periodic mowing, burning, or disking is required to optimize the stand's utility for encouraging biodiversity. (2010) conducted a study to analyze the environmental sustainability of using switchgrass plant material as a feedstock for ethanol production. The main advantage of using switchgrass over corn as an ethanol feedstock is its cost of production is generally about 1/2 that of grain corn, and more biomass energy per hectare can be captured in the field. [17] However, these yields were recorded on small plot trials, and commercial field sites could be expected to be at least 20% lower than these results. Ecology and Spread. It can grow up to 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in) high, but is typically shorter than big bluestem grass or indiangrass. For example, the full scientific name for the dove tree can be broken down like this: Davidia (the genus name) involucrata (the species name) Baill. Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Scientific Name Panicum virgatum . Stands of switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as two. Change Species Names to Honor Indigenous Peoples, Not Colonizers, Researchers Say. Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. [17] The energy inputs required to grow switchgrass are favorable when compared with annual seed bearing crops such as corn, soybean, or canola, which can require relatively high energy inputs for field operations, crop drying, and fertilization. Despite its importance as a prominent bioenergy crop, a genome-wide comprehensive analysis of NB-LRR disease resistance genes has yet … Letter Z Animals Scientific Names. Since it, along with other native grasses and forbs, once covered the plains of the United States that are now the Corn Belt, the effects of the past switchgrass habitat have been beneficial, lending to the fertile farmland that exists today. [26] In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 400 liters per tonne.[27]. For those producers who have switchgrass stands on their farm, it is considered an environmental and aesthetic benefit due to the abundance of wildlife attracted by the switchgrass stands. Once established, a switchgrass stand can survive for ten years or longer. When harvesting switchgrass for hay, the first cutting occurs at the late boot stage – around mid-June. Some additional pasture will be needed during April and May, as well as September through November, for an equivalent of 150 days. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. Hence, scientific name of Switchgrass is used worldwide. switchgrass. Bai, Y., Luo, L, & van der Voe, E. (2010). Switchgrass uses C4 carbon fixation, giving it an advantage in conditions of drought and high temperature. So today, let’s count down a list of animals that hibernate, which aren’t bears. Biomass resources options: Creating a BIOHEAT supply for the Canadian greenhouse industry. Although switchgrass spreads by rhizomes (and seed), loose clumps or patches are usually formed. Panicum virgatum var. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum L. Common name(s): Switchgrass: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: Native to North & Central America. Panicum virgatum var. found: Plants National Database website, May 23, 2007 (Scientific Name Panicum virgatum L., Common Name switchgrass) found : University of Saskatchewan Plant Guide website, May 23, 2007 (Panicum virgatum L. Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass) Legal Status. The leaves are flat, 0.5 inches wide, and grow up to 30 inches long. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. You can also combine the underlined terms to make one word. List of switchgrass accessions used in the study with their ID and name, number of genotypes, ecotype identification, ploidy level, state of origin, and GPS coordinates [114,115,116]. Explore Switchgrass Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. [20] This highly favorable ratio is attributable to its relatively high energy output per hectare and low energy inputs for production. In some warm humid southern zones, such as Alabama, it has the ability to produce up to 25 oven-dry tonnes per hectare (ODT/ha). Above: Screenshot of answer five, with text reading “Correct! Here are common names of Switchgrass. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. One study cites it takes from 0.97 to 1.34 GJ to produce 1 tonne of switchgrass, compared with 1.99 to 2.66 GJ to produce 1 tonne of corn. This can be found on-line at: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, "Panicum virgatum L., Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass", "Plentiful switch grass emerges as breakthrough biofuel", "Switchgrass and Warm Season Grass Planting Guide", "Aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales y animales para la produccion de biocombustibles", "Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide", http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/nhesp/species-and-conservation/nhfacts/dargida-rubripennis.pdf, "Cumulative Energy and Global Warming Impact from the Production of Biomass for Biobased Products", "The Potential of C4 Perennial Grasses for Developing a Global BIOHEAT Industry", "Switch Grass: Alternative Energy Source? Combustion studies have been undertaken and it appears to be well-suited as a commercial boiler fuel. Season: 506-508. Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop, ATTRA - National Sustainable Agricultural Information Service, 2006. With Bruce Willis, Megan Fox, Machine Gun Kelly, Emile Hirsch. Names and pictures of all flowers. In Eastern Canada, switchgrass is being used on a pilot scale as a feedstock for commercial heating applications. Int J Life Cycle Assess. BarTender is the world's most trusted software for designing, printing and managing barcodes, labels, RFID tags, documents and more. Common Name: switchgrass. It can be grown without irrigation in areas receiving at least 13 inches of annual precipitation. Science. It is the preferred larval host plant of Dargida rubripennis. Common Name; Scientific Name; Family Name; Contact . Performs well on a wide range of soils. Several key factors can increase the likelihood of success for establishing switchgrass. Yes! It can be grown without irrigation in areas receiving at least 13 inches of annual precipitation. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Check us out today! switchgrass. Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) and Relative Feed Value (RFV) Ranges for Various Forage Crops", "Planting and managing switchgrass for forage, wildlife, and conservation", "Observed effects of warm season perennial grass agriculture on resident mammal species", "Farmers' Motivations for Adoption of Switchgrass", Fifth National Symposium, New Crops and New Uses, Strength in Diversity, 10.2193/0091-7648(2006)34[1203:TBEIGE]2.0.CO;2, Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide, Switchgrass for Bioheat in Canada (agriwebinar presentation), Establishing and Managing Switchgrass as an Energy Crop, Optimization of Switchgrass Management for Commercial Fuel Pellet Production, Management Guide for the Production of Switchgrass for Biomass Fuel in Southern Iowa, "Switchgrass: A Living Solar Battery." Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class During the bioconversion process, the lignin fraction of switchgrass can be burned to provide sufficient steam and electricity to operate the biorefinery. [12] Depending on the region, it can typically produce 1/4 to 1/3 of its yield potential in its first year and 2/3 of its potential in the year after seeding. The crop can be established both by no-till and conventional tillage. Top 10 Animals that Hibernate (Excluding Bears) We all know that bears hibernate, but do other animals? This plant is called Switchgrass in Hindi, switchgrass in Greek, switchgrass in Portuguese and switchgrass in Polish. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Duration: Perennial Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth Growth Habit: Bunch grass, Grasses Season: Warm Distribution: 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass that can be used as a second generation bioenergy crop. Scientists have given each and every recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. Once established, switchgrass can take up to three years to reach its full production potential. Management of switchgrass for bioenergy and forage share some commonalities, of particular interest in bioenergy crop production is: (1) rapid establishment of switchgrass to generate harvestable biomass in the seeding year, (2) highly efficient management of soil and fertilizer N to minimize external energy inputs, and (3) harvest management to maximize yields of lignocellulose. The leaves are 30–90 cm (12–35 in) long, with a prominent midrib. WWF is committed to saving endangered species. Some members of Prairie Lands Bio-Products, Inc. in Iowa have even turned this benefit into a profitable business by leasing their switchgrass land for hunting during the proper seasons. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). After extensive evaluations of many plant species in multiple locations, switchgrass was selected in 19… Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America. In a novel application, US scientists have genetically modified switchgrass to enable it to produce polyhydroxybutyrate, which accumulates in beadlike granules within the plant's cells. Longevity: Perennial. It is now being considered for use in several bioenergy conversion processes, including cellulosic ethanol production, biogas, and direct combustion for thermal energy applications. [5] As a warm-season perennial grass, most of its growth occurs from late spring through early fall; it becomes dormant and unproductive during colder months. Venture capitalists have poured over $100 million into private companies that are exploring the technology necessary to convert switchgrass into fuel, and large publicly owned companies are also directing their research dollars into biofuels.". Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. This means it can stand up to foot traffic and is drought resistant. Switchgrass, a tough ornamental grass that stands up to a variety of harsh conditions, adds both texture and color to a garden. The reductions in global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were 5 and 65%, respectively. Switchgrass is an early-maturing warm-season grass (late May–early June); growth usually begins in … Across eastern and central North America except California and the Pacific Northwest. Guidelines for rotational stocking of selected forage crops", "Table 33b. Scientific name: Sporobolus cryptandrus; Question: “Which quail-friendly plant of the week is this? As the name suggests, the Annual Review of Psychology publishes (annually!) Their models also suggested that the “human toxicity potential” and “eco-toxicity potential” were substantially greater for the high ethanol fuels (i.e., E85 and ethanol) than for gasoline and E10. Hormone herbicides, such as 2,4-D, should be avoided as they are known to reduce development of switchgrass when applied early in the establishing year. [24] Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. In 2014, a genetically altered form of the bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii was created which can cheaply and efficiently turn switchgrass into ethanol.[41][42]. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. Switchgrass . Switchgrass is a hardy, deep-rooted, perennial rhizomatous grass that begins growth in late spring. ABBREVIATION : PANVIR SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : PAVI2 PAVIC PAVIS COMMON NAMES : switchgrass prairie switchgrass tall panic grass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of switchgrass is Panicum virgatum L. [37,38]. Abstract. Puccinia emaculata, like other rust fungi, may be spread long distances by wind.An alternate (non-grass) host of Puccinia emaculata has not been reported, however the pathogen has been reported on several other Panicum species as well as Paspalum stramineum. [9], Switchgrass can be grown on land considered unsuitable for row crop production, including land that is too erodible for corn production, as well as sandy and gravelly soils in humid regions that typically produce low yields of other farm crops. [53] Depending on how thickly switchgrass is planted, and what it is partnered with, it also offers excellent forage and cover for other wildlife across the country. Common name of Switchgrass is the name which changes with change in the regions. a wide range of reviews related to psychological research. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. [54] The benefits to wildlife can be extended even in large-scale agriculture through the process of strip harvesting, as recommended by The Wildlife Society, which suggests that rather than harvesting an entire field at once, strip harvesting could be practiced so that the entire habitat is not removed, thereby protecting the wildlife inhabiting the switchgrass.[55]. Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. The common name is widely used everywhere. Botanically classified as herbs, grasses (graminoids) most commonly are thought of as simple yard cover. In the United States, switchgrass yields appear to be highest in warm humid regions with long growing seasons such as the US Southeast and lowest in the dry short season areas of the Northern Great Plains. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU Volume Another word for scientific name. Origin. Edited By Chittaranjan Kole, Chandrashekhar P. Joshi, David R. Shonnard. Look it up now! Its distribution spans south of latitude 55°N from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia, south over most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, and further south into Mexico. [36][37][38] Switchgrass is also being used to heat small industrial and farm buildings in Germany and China through a process used to make a low quality natural gas substitute.[39]. [18] Another study found that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn's 2.9 GJ/ODT. The deep fibrous root systems of switchgrass left a deep rich layer of organic matter in the soils of the Midwest, making those mollisol soils some of the most productive in the world. Typical nitrogen (N) content of senescent material in the fall is 0.5% N. Fertilizer nitrogen applications of about 5 kg N/hectare (ha) applied for each tonne of biomass removed is a general guideline. Varieties are … Generally, the crop requires modest application of nitrogen fertilizer, as it is not a heavy feeder. Customer Service. Introduced grasses such as fescue, bluegrass, and orchardgrass[4] also replaced the native grasses for use as hay and pasture for cattle. [45] Its root system, also, is excellent for holding soil in place, which helps prevent erosion from flooding and runoff. Bai et al. Establishing and Managing Switchgrass as an Energy Crop, Forage and Grazinglands, 2008. Other common names for this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. It is recommended that grazing begin when the plants are about 50 cm tall, and that grazing be discontinued when the plants have been eaten down to about 25 cm, and to rest the pasture 30 – 45 days between grazing periods. Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is an upright prairie grass that produces feathery delicate flowers from July to September.It is common in Midwest prairies and is widespread in savannas of the Eastern United States. [29] A recent study from the Great Plains [30] indicated that for ethanol production from switchgrass, this figure is 6.4, or alternatively, that 540% more energy was contained in the ethanol produced than was used in growing the switchgrass and converting it to liquid fuel. • Seedenergies: Technic Panicum virgatum, switchgrass Parcelles en France Technique (fr) Lowland cultivars may grow to ≥ 2.7 m, in favorable environments. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Switchgrass can be harvested with the same field equipment used for hay production, and it is well-suited to baling or bulk field harvesting. [10] Description. Historically, most switchgrass seedings have been managed for the Conservation Reserve Program in the US. [40] Life cycle analysis was used to make this assessment. Both glumes are present and well developed. Wang, M., Wu, M., & Huo, H. Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types. Alternate Names. Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, ... "Switchgrass needs most of its moisture in spring and midsummer. These widely adapted tallgrass species once occupied millions of hectares. Grazing is generally not recommended the first year, but a vigorous stand can be grazed late in the year if grazing periods are short with at least 30 days of rest provided between grazings. Most recent blog post. 38 pages, "Samson et al., 2008": In regions where the. Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico. [50] Switchgrass becomes stemmy and unpalatable as it matures, but during the target grazing period, it is a favorable forage with a relative feed value (RFV) of 90-104. "Since that mention in the 2006, investment in switch grass has exploded, thanks in large part, experts say, to the President's speech. It is also found on prairie soils from the southeastern U.S., westward to the Rocky Mountains, as far south as Mexico, and northward into Canada. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. switchgrass (Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass) Panicum virgatum L. click thumbnail to see a larger image. Considerable effort is being expended in developing switchgrass as a cellulosic ethanol crop in the USA. The plant is a hybrid between two separate kinds of grass that are native to Europe and Asia. Switchgrass in Spanish can be different from Switchgrass in English. Whole plant herbaceous perennial C4 grass feedstocks are desirable biomass energy feedstocks, as they require fewer fossil energy inputs to grow and effectively capture solar energy because of their C4 photosynthetic system and perennial nature. Our products reduce the mystery and guesswork of plant quality and chemical composition throughout the complete lifecycle – … It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. The most widely studied project to date has been the Chariton Valley Project in Iowa. 1-13. A summary of switchgrass yields across 13 research trial sites in the United States found the top two cultivars in each trial to yield 9.4 to 22.9 t/ha, with an average yield of 14.6 ODT/ha. This warm-season grass blooms in mid- to late- summer. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a warm season grass and is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie. Springer Science, Berlin, Germany. These technical problems now appear to have been largely resolved through crop management practices such as fall mowing and spring harvesting that allow for leaching to occur, which leads to fewer aerosol-forming compounds (such as K and Cl) and N in the grass. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. [28] In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input. Along with the scientific name of Switchgrass, know the scientific names of other plants too. Studies have found that for every unit of energy input needed to create a biofuel from switchgrass, four units of energy are yielded. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … Leaves. DOI link for Switchgrass. Seeding Rate. Depending on the variety and cultivar, some have foliage that changes color in the fall. Switchgrass types are generally shorter ( ≤ 2.4 m, in favorable )... Separate kinds of grass that can be grown without irrigation in areas receiving at 13! Regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet do have... 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Small-Scale applications the state and taxonomic information for liquid biofuel options from farmland wildlife and livestock as well as through... Erosion, both from wind and water emissions associated with growing, managing, processing storing! One should know has shown that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn 's 2.9.. Central North America have the potential to produce up to 30 inches long fixation, it... Generation bioenergy crop biomass resources options: Creating a BIOHEAT supply for the skipper., scientific name: Panicum virgatum switchgrass is a hybrid between two separate kinds of grass stands. Operating cellulosic ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per tonne. [ ]! Biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne harvested for bioenergy or plantings... All situations form an effective wind erosion barrier for establishing switchgrass can be considerably... 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