religion, political belief, economic or social condition.” The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights also mentioned health as part of the right to an adequate standard of living (art. This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. whether religion should be promoted as a Ztool [ for promoting health (as may be the case with, for example, exercise or diet). branches of a religion e.g. I10,Z12 ABSTRACT Durkheim’s famous study of suicide is a precursor of a large contemporary literature that investigates the links between religion and health. Political beliefs are specifically excluded. Recent mental health literature differentiates religion from spirituality.9 Religion usually refers to socially based beliefs and traditions, often associated with ritual and ceremony, whereas spirituality generally refers to a …   Research shows that religious and spiritual beliefs and practices are beneficial for improving and maintaining good mental and physical health (Larimore, Parker, & Crowther, 25). Early empirical studies on religion and health with individual level data began to appear during the period of 1950-1980, and health was the writing of Sigmund Freud who viewed religion, for the most part, as an irrational neurotic phenomenon. Research also shows that religion and spirituality can be damaging to mental health by means of negative religious coping, misunderstanding and miscommunication, and negative beliefs. The picture isn’t complete without acknowledging that people experience and utilise their faith in ways that lead to ISBN 019511866‐9 The concept of diseases and health care in African traditional religion in Ghana As human beings we sometimes in one way or another become sick, and therefore go for treatment depending on our choice of treatment (religious perspective or Western medical treatment). Reading 6: Knowledge Centre Religion and Development. Rather, its aim was to understand the relative importance of religious beliefs and practices in protecting the health of people of religious faith and, hence, the need to It is clear that this strategy does not locate every relevant study. Some of the most interesting include: mental health services remains under-researched. The Handbook of Religion and Health has become the seminal research text on religion, spirituality, and health, outlining a rational argument for the connection between religion and health. It affirmed Africa to inhibit health and wholeness especially in our contemporary Nigerian context. health-care professionals to address the spiritual needs and requirements of their patients . Freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief is a principle enshrined in many human rights frameworks. tightly targeted additional searches (e.g. Religion, spirituality, and mental health: In a nutshell… In general, identifying as religious/spiritual is associated with better psychological adjustment and physical health outcomes1 Effect sizes in meta-analyses tend to be small (~.10)2 … why? Recognised beliefs include Humanism, Pacifism and Atheism. Purpose of review There has been increased interest in the relationship between religion and spirituality and mental health in recent years. More importantly, the recent times have seen a growing utilisation pattern of faith healing services for curative purposes and health promotion particularly in the sub-Saharan Africa region [4, 5]. The Spiritual Care Advisory Committee has noted the lack of resources for health-care professionals in this area . Catholics or Protestants in Christianity. Mental and Physical Health and Religion/Spirituality Religion and spirituality can either help or hinder the healing process. Mental Health Benefits of Religion Religion gives people something to believe in, provides a sense of structure and typically offers a group of people to connect with over similar beliefs. In an exploration to better understand the role that spirituality and religion play in health and care, a few key themes appeared across the various disciplines. However, recent studies have identified another side of religion that may serve as a psychological and social resource for coping with stress. The evidence base on the topic has grown considerably, the study designs and methodology in this area of research have notably Aging, religion, and health Angus S. Deaton NBER Working Paper No. Handbook of religion and health. A study of more than 92,000 participants from the Women's Health Initiative found that women aged 50 and up were 20% less likely to die in any given year if they attended religious services weekly (15% reduction if they attended less than weekly) compared to those who never attend religious services. Spirituality, religion, and health 188 prominent psychologists like Jung, Fromm, Allport, Maslow, Frankl have posited that religion or spirituality must be considered for a holistic understanding of the person (Hill et al., 2000). Growing interest – entire journal issues on topic (J Personality, J Family Psychotherapy, American Behavioral Scientist, Public Policy and Aging We also examine the implications this may have for assessment and treatment in psychiatric settings. This article reviews recent research into the capacity of religion and spirituality to benefit or harm the mental health of believers. These facets can have a large positive impact on mental health— research suggests that religiosity reduces suicide rates, alcoholism and drug use. Keywords Religion Health Service attendance Cultural context Well-being Longitudinal Reverse causation Introduction Epidemiologic research on religion and health has reached a certain state of maturity [1–3]. Religion and health Recent reviews continue to provide further evidence of an associa-tion between religious involvement and health. 15271 August 2009 JEL No. It is based on a systematic review of original data-based quantitative research published in peer-reviewed journals between 1872 and 2010, including a few seminal articles published since 2010. Religion’s influence on patient care is expressed in prayer requests, in clinician-chaplain collaborations, and through health care organizations’ religious accommodations for patients and staff. There are four prominent pathways in which religion influence health: health behaviours (through prescribing a certain diet and/or discouraging the abuse of alcoholic beverages, smoking, etc., International Journal of Education and Research Vol. In 1980, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) published Religion and Mental Health (Summerlin, 1980), an annotated bibliography of 1836 entries – journal articles, … Frankl (1964) believed that an innate need of human beings is to Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs. Religion and spirituality -is there a difference? (2011). 2 No. The right to health was again recognized as a human right in the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and … Harold G. Koenig, Michael E. McCullough, David B. Larson 2001. practice on mental health were not the whole of the religion–mental health discussion. The practices of faith healing in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of a plethora of health issues is pre-historic and dates back into antiquity in many countries [1,2,3].]. Sign up for our newsletter and event information. 3307 M Street NW, Suite 200 Washington, D.C. 20007 Phone: 202-687-5119 Fax: 202-318-0747. health care, nor should a child or an adolescent be denied knowledge of and care for her/his body. In a study of people receiving treatment at a mental health facility, more than 80% used religious beliefs or activities to cope with daily di˘culties or frustrations; 65% reported that religion helped them to cope with symptom severity, and 30% indicated that religion gave them purpose to keep living. Handbook of Religion and Health, co-edited by several of the leaders in this area, identified no fewer than 1,600 published research articles wholly or largely concerned with the topic, and largely tending to support the hypothesis (though many of these concerned the impact of religiosity on mental rather Relationship of Spirituality with Morbidity and Mortality in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease undergoing CABG Surgery at Shariati Hospital. African Health Sciences 12 (1):17-25 Bagheri, J., Shayan, N., Bagheri, M. M., & Heidari, M. (2019). Email: berkleycenter@georgetown.edu Stay Updated. Religion-associated variables have been shown to have protective effects for multiple mental health outcomes, including wellbeing, suicidal behaviour and substance misuse.11 A critical review of 17 studies found that Finally, recommendations would be made on how to strike a harmony between the old and new ways of religion and medicine as far as human health and wholeness are … Handbook of Religion and Health (Oxford University Press, 2001) Attention Received Since Year 2000 Religion, Spirituality and Mental Health 1. In an effort to deal with this issue, the committee has surveyed frontline health care workers regarding acute patient care . 4 proceeding on a case-by-case basis that discards simplistic notions of homogeneity between, and within, different religions. I was amazed and alarmed to read Koenig’s article on religion and mental health and the president’s lukewarm support of the article as it presents no scientific evidence that any of the suggested working practices improve patient care. Journal of Research on Religion & Health, 5(1), 76-86. His writing shaped views on religion and health for decades. This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. Although African traditional religion is not against a Western medical way of First, I provide a brief historical background to set the stage. It is based on a systematic review of original data-based quantitative research published in peer-reviewed journals between 1872 and 2010, including a few seminal articles published since 2010. Not in our name should any person be denied their human rights.” The call highlighted the hurt that comes when violations of human rights occur in the name of religion, culture, or tradition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Tools for the assessment of patients' spiritual needs have been studied, and incorporation of spiritual themes into treatment has shown some promise. The Second Edition completely revises and updates the first edition. Religion and Physical Health . The Act also protects people without a religion or belief. Correspondence in Response to the Recent Article on religion and mental health (Koenig, 2008). 242 Journal of Religion and Health about several major changes in the Arabic culture, psychology and society" (Rabie, 1993). “spirituality or religion and health”), plus selected references from Koenig et al.’s The Handbook of Religion and Health (2001), and Kenneth L. Pargament’s Religious Coping (1997) were then added manually to complete the set. 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