This segment, one of four, shows how to rid your woods of garlic mustard, an invasive plant with herbicides. If you do not want to use chemicals in your garden, the only way to eliminate this weed is to pull it out. For these reasons, garlic mustard spreads rapidly in wooded areas, forming tall, dense stands that smother native wildflowers, and native tree and shrub seedlings. Tamping the ground after removal will help keep the plants from re-sprouting. Yellow mustard weed, more commonly called wild mustard (Brassica kaber or Sinapis arvensis), grows as a winter annual weed throughout the western parts of the United States, but a summer annual weed in cooler areas. There is vinegar present in most mustard condiments and mustard seed itself is known as a rubefacient, or a substance that causes the skin to redden because it creates heat. The fact that it is self fertile mean… Use your foot and lightly tamp down the disturbed soil after pulling out these roots. It is a food plant of the green-veined white butterfly (Pieris napi) and a site for egg laying. Bag and dispose of the pulled plants as garbage. Although edible for people, it is not eaten by local wildlife or insects. Pulled garlic mustard material will attempt to complete flowering and set seed, so don’t leave it on the ground. Get Rid of Garlic Mustard. Garlic mustard seed is important in the diet of many farmland birds. Invasiveness of Garlic Mustard What makes garlic mustard so invasive is that a single plant produces between 600 and 7,500 seeds, and that the seeds can survive in … Pull plants early in the season before they flower. It is difficult to control once it has reached a site; it can cross-pollinate or self-pollinate, it has a high seed production rate, it out competes native vegetation and it can establish in a relatively stable forest understory. Our Garlic Mustard Pull-A-Thon is an annual fundraiser event, where we encourage folks throughout southeastern Wisconsin to protect the woodlands of their neighborhoods by pulling this invasive plant. Right now, in late May, the white flowers are easy to spot. Ultimately, your efforts will pay off. Also, the garlic-flavor is a perfect addition to any recipe that calls for mustard. It also produces large quantities of seed. It may take several years of diligence to remove garlic mustard; the seed can remain viable in the soil for up to five years. The plant should be grasped at the base, near the ground so the direction of the root can be assessed. Garlic Mustard has been consumed for hundreds of years and has great nutritional value. If you have garlic mustard in your yard, knowing the plant’s life cycle is important for effective garlic mustard control. There are a variety of methods for eradicating garlic mustard, pulling being the most common. Garlic mustard exudes antifungal chemicals into the soil that disrupt associations between mycorrhizal fungi and native plants, suppressing native plant growth. Wild Garlic is often confused with the similar Wild Onion but can be differentiated from the appearance of their leaves being thin and tube-like while Wild Onion leaves are wide and grass-like. Another option is to cut off at ground level, then smother with newspaper, cardboard or landscape fabric. Oh, garlic mustard, why must you be so troublesome? Mulching (2-4 inches thick) or laying plastic over areas of bare soil will help to block sunlight and prevent germination of mustard seeds. If you get rid of the plants before the seeds spread, you can start to control it. It should be put in yard waste bags and ideally left in the sun for at least a week before being disposed of. Garlic mustard is an invasive species.. Garlic mustard is on the Restricted weed list.It is illegal to import, sell or transport propagating parts. 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