It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to 0.8–2 m (3–7 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft), forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome.The leaves are 18–75 cm (7–30 in) tall and 0.3–2 cm broad. - Too much shade. 'Karl Foerster' grows well in most North American gardens. Full sun exposure and well-drained soil are both integral to growing maiden grass. Miscanthus imparts subtle beauty to any space. They typically take from two to nine weeks to germinate once the temperature reaches 15 degrees Centigrade. Some grow very large, some are small, so the area you have available should determine your best choice for a grass. When in flower, this clump-forming plant will reach 6 to 8 feet tall, and its stems redden in the fall. There are variegated varieties with horizontal yellow or white stripes, or vertical stripes along the leaf margins. Trim back to the ground in early spring -– power hedge trimmers do a quick job. Maiden grass thrives in full sun and may get 6 feet (2 m.) wide with a 10 foot (3 m.) spread. Maiden grass is a plant that comes very close to being perfect. Rust is a fungal disease that is transmitted to leaves when water splashes onto them. Water maiden grass weekly during its first summer outdoors, then provide water solely during periods of extended drought or high heat. If desired, cut each clump in half again. Maiden grass occurs naturally across eastern Asia, including China, Japan and Taiwan. The slender, weeping leaves are silvery-green and turn golden bronze in fall. Keep the soil in the flat lightly moist and place the flat in a warm area at least 60 F. (16 C.). Many ornamental varieties such as switchgrass, feather reed grass and maiden grass come with colorful, wispy plumes, giving your containers an allure of additional color. Excellent for cutting. Propagation of ornamental maiden grasses is through division. How Fast Does Miscanthus Grow? To grow the strongest stand of plants possible, place miscanthus in well-drained soil with a good amount of organic matter. The copper tassels turn to silvery white plumes in the fall. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Silver grasses (Miscanthus) can grow in either sunny or lightly shaded areas that has good drainage. The grass requires well-drained soil, but is tolerant of excess moisture, dry conditions, acidic soils and even hard clay sites. Growing Porcupine Grass. Dig up the entire plant with the root ball, and then cut the clump in half with a shovel. Product's Features; Feature Value; Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Huron Sunrise Maiden Grass will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity extending to 6 feet tall with the flowers, with a spread of 3 feet. While the leaves yellow somewhat by mid-f… Reader Question: The Case for Growing Your Own Food → 5 thoughts on “ Plant Profile: Adagio Maiden Grass (Miscanthus sinensis ‘Adagio’) ” Tom Fitzgerald says: July 16, 2012 at 4:00 pm Its July and I still have abut 25% brown foilage on six Adagios. Given our cool and cloudy spring I would give the grass at least until mid June to show signs of life. Plants enjoy moisture, and are even happy growing beside water, however they also tolerate moderate drought conditions. For a rain garden. Maiden grass reproduces sexually via seed and asexually through spreading rhizomes. Compare this with your Hardiness Zone. Is your area experiencing a drought? It can get 6 to 9 feet (1.8-2.7 m.) tall. In late summer it sends up silky burgundy flower spikes that reach 4 to 6 feet tall and eventually grow softer and more cottony. Cut back the entire plant to 3 inches in early spring. Miscanthus maiden grass is easy to care for and hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9. Its steady growth makes maiden grass valuable to landscaping, but it may also prove detrimental if the plant becomes invasive. Maiden Grass, botanical name Miscanthus sinensis Gracillimus, is suited to USDA zones 4-9, with full sun. Flame grass is a perfect addition as a background plant to your perennial garden or can be used to accent your landscape. You may dig up a mature plant in early spring before new growth has appeared. Be sure to wear heavy gloves when working with maiden grass because the blades are very sharp and may cause injury. Among ornamental grasses, Miscanthus is a go-to choice for garden designers and landscape architects. This group of grasses has added appeal in late summer with spectacular plumes and in fall with bronze to burgundy colored foliage. As a result, it can spread aggressively and become invasive under ideal conditions. Nothing has changed from past years except I did not cut them back this year. It soon becomes quite large, reaching a height of 6 ft. to 8 ft. and a spread of 3 ft. to 5 ft. But it boasts other desirable features, too, including coppery flower heads in early fall that transform into silvery white plumes. Bring one of these elegant grasses into your home landscape for powerful dimension, color and movement. There are many species of the grass genus Pennisetum, including the agronomic crops pearl millet and elephant grass (used for forage and now for biofuel), plus numerous landscape ornamentals, including ‘Purple Majesty’ ornamental millet (P. glaucum).. Fountain grass, P. alopecuroides, is a perennial ornamental grass, with various cultivars hardy from zone 4 or 5 through 10. Golden Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola') is a beautiful variegated ornamental grass and slow-growing perennial and is one of the rare grasses that thrive in shady conditions.It has arching, lance-shaped, bright-green leaves about 10 inches long. Maiden grass care couldn’t be simpler. 'Karl Foerster' is a cool-season grass meaning it grows best at temperatures near 70oF, and the best time to plant is spring in the North; fall in the South and West. However, mature maiden grasses require occasional care to maintain their attractive appearance and vigor. Miscanthus maiden grass has a very regal appeal and provides elegant décor to flank the front entry or along the driveway. The maiden grass will rejuvenate and grow back quickly. Maiden grass occurs naturally across eastern Asia, including China, Japan and Taiwan. If trees around the grass are growing and casting heavier shade on the grass this could be the problem. Airy reddish pink flowers develop in summer. Use for mass background plantings or in containers. Burpee lists the hardiness zone at the end of each variety description. It is rabbit and deer resistant. Toward the end of summer, coffee colored flower tufts crown this beauty and draw the … It is a fast-growing plant and an easy one to get started. Heavy shade diminishes the coloring of variegated cultivars, so plant them where they will receive plenty of light. Good for cut arrangements. They have a preference for moist soil, but are able to tolerate dry spells. The baby sprouts will grow slowly and you will not have a Miscanthus maiden grass big enough to plant outside for at least a year. Full sun exposure and well-drained soil are both integral to growing maiden grass. Adagio Maiden grass requires full to mostly sun. The Graziella Maiden Grass is considered a “warm season” grass. Say “maiden grass” and this is the one most folks think of. Prevent unwanted maiden grass plants by installing a root barrier around the base to limit the spread of its roots and by pruning off the seed heads before they ripen. Dispose of any … Do a little research on the many maiden grass varieties and choose the right one for your garden location. Elegant striped blades of green and white emerge in spring and will grow to 4' - 5' tall by summer. Extremely hardy plants. Growing Requirements. Pruning is the best way to keep maiden grass plants looking healthy and attractive. The flowers are white fan … By planting ornamental grasses in containers, they will spread only in the boundaries that you set, whether in a large planter or trough.. However, it is adaptable to hardpan soil and light shade in drier areas if kept well-watered until it is established. They grow well in locations that receive at least 4 hours of sun per day. Planting & Growing. Plant 15-24'' apart. Plant specs. Since it can grow 6 to 10 feet tall, each tussock or clump should be given plenty of space between it and other plantings. Maiden grass is a prime ornamental plant for drought-prone climates or in areas with water restrictions because it requires virtually no irrigation once established. Maiden grass is a tall ornamental grass that would be worth growing for its graceful arching form alone. Maiden grass is an ornamental grass that can grow as tall as 6 feet high and spread to be 4 feet wide at the top. Climate Conditions. Deer resistant. Just remember how tall and wide the grass will get and give it enough room to mature. The baby sprouts will grow slowly and you will not have a Miscanthus maiden grass big enough to plant outside for at least a year. With silvery green foliage and feather-like blooms, the grass partners well with other plants and blends into garden beds. Rejuvenated plants result from division and they have a tighter clumping habit. Miscanthus likes evenly moist soil, but once establishe… This narrow leaf selection imparts an elegant look in the perennial garden. Like standard pampas grass, the dwarf variety can become invasive, so plant it … What is in your mix will dictate how fast it will grow. The plant does suffer in the heat and humidity of an eastern zone 9 summer. Hardy throughout USDA Zones 4 through 9. You can use them in the back of border, in drifts, as specimens, or next to water features. Lower leaves have a tendency to wither in late summer, so planting something tall in front is recommended. Ornamental maiden grass is excellent used in containers, but more commonly planted in groups or as a border or along the edges of beds. Growing 4-5 feet tall, it does the job as an excellent hedge plant. This is an indicator that it is time to divide the grass. The fast-growing grass can live in almost any habitat, but it grows especially well in rich soil and mild climates. Most of these plants are cold hardy, fast growers that thrive in sun (see individual varieties for specifics). This is a fairly fast-growing grass, achieving 6' in height and 4' in width in just a couple years. Grows 3-4' tall with flower plumes 5-6'. Ohio State University Plant Facts: Miscanthus Sinensis, UC Cooperative Extension: Ornamental Grass, University of Vermont Department of Plant and Soil Science: Miscanthus, The Ohio State University Extension: Perennial Warm Season Grasses for Ohio, Invasive Species of Concern in Maryland: Silvergrass-Miscanthus. Simply put, the grass likes at least two weeks of warm soil temperatures before it will start to send up new shoots. However, it can be controlled by adjusting its growing conditions according to the climate. - Drought. Zebra grass may grow to seven feet tall, spreading 4–6 feet, wide. In warm areas with no frost, plant maiden grass in poor, gravelly or clay-based soil to inhibit the spread of its rhizomatous roots and install a root barrier in the bed to control its spread. Classic ‘Morning Light’ has narrow (and sharp!) My two zebra grasses are over 8 years old and still performing beautifully! Hair grass may be hard to find but it's well worth the effort. If you want to know how to grow maiden grass from seed, get ready for a wait. Adding drama and powerful structure to the landscape, Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) are fabulous ornamental grasses that should have a spot in any garden. Late freeze can weaken or in some extreme cases kill the grass. Check the hardiness rating of the Ornamental Grass you want to grow. Use in Zone 10, or in containers in Zone 9B. There are numerous maiden grass varieties with different sizes and foliage colors. ‘Gracillimus’ is a delicately leaved cultivar with a more upright growth habit. A silver stripe runs up the middle of the sword-like green leaves. You can do this every three years or more, but it is important to do it when the center of the plant is showing signs of dying out. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Match the correct plant to your garden’s climate (hardiness zone). Maiden Grass, Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus', is a tall, graceful, clumping ornamental grass. Miscanthus sinensis, or maiden grass, is widely grown within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9 for its silky seed panicles and graceful, weeping form. Try growing porcupine grass as an accent or even a border, for a low maintenance and top performing plant. This maiden grass makes an excellent specimen plant and is spectacular in mass plantings. Water the plants from under the foliage and when the leaf blades will have time to dry off quickly. Sow seeds indoors in a flat with a lid. Pampas grass, also known as Cortaderia selloana, is native to the moist South American grasslands, known also as the pampas. Also, plant maiden grass cultivars with diminished potential for invasiveness such as Autumn Light (Miscanthus sinensis "Autumn Light"), Variegatus (Miscanthus sinensis "Variegatus") or Rigoletto (Miscanthus sinensis "Rigoletto"). In moist, warm areas with no frost to keep its growth in check, maiden grass can become invasive. Zebra Grass is no doubt my favorite of all ornamental grasses. Miscanthus sinensis, the maiden silvergrass, is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. The leaves are gray or bluish-green with narrowly tapering tips and sharp, serr… The plants have no known pest or disease problems, except rust. While some grasses take time to form full-sized clumps, fast-growing, tall varieties let you see the results of your landscaping decisions within a single season. Prized for its unmatched foliage color, this handsome grass has fast growing green leaves that emerge with red tips in spring, darken through summer, and turn a rich burgundy in fall. They also work well with flowering or other companions. Her nearly 20 years of experience in horticulture informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as Mother Earth News. For colorful displays, ‘Purpurescens’ is red in summer and purplish red in fall, while ‘Silver Feather’ has shimmering whitish silver inflorescences. A silver stripe runs up the middle of the sword-like green leaves. ‘Condensatus’ is a variety that can get 8 feet (2.5 m.) tall and has coarse foliage. Cut the root base into two to four sections and plant each as a new plant. Variegatus: Variegated silver grass has distinct striped green and white leaves in an arching clump. Growing just 4-5 feet tall, dwarf pampas grass develops showy white flower plumes in the late summer and fall. Keep the soil in the flat lightly moist and place the flat in a warm area at least 60 F. (16 C.). With some varieties reaching upward of 12 feet tall, it can act as a fast-growing garden screen. Use it in the back of the border where you can enjoy the flower heads all winter long. Perennial Miscanthus sinensis can do it all: it’s drought tolerant, deer proof, and beautiful, growing in airy clumps that send up feathery plumes in late summer.. Sign up for our newsletter. Most of our mixes contain a blend of perennial ryegrass and fescues, with the exception of a few specialist mixes for sports, shaded areas and mixes that are 100% perennial ryegrass or 100% fescue. Your best bet is to find a buddy with a grass and cut out a … Compact types are usually only 3 to 4 feet (1 m.) tall and suitable for containers. Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. It is adaptable to a wide range of climates, although it grows best in temperate areas and within Mediterranean climates with long, hot summers and cool winters. Maiden Grass 'Morning Light', Miscanthus sinensis, is a year-round specimen to behold! Sow seeds indoors in a flat with a lid. It grows slowly when young but will reach a mature height of 3 to 8 feet in two to three years, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions. Miscanthus sinensis, or maiden grass, is a family of ornamental plants with a clumping habit and graceful arching stems. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. - Cutting back the grass … Your best bet is to find a buddy with a grass and cut out a piece for yourself. Grass seed mixtures are often a blend of multiple species. Divide the maiden grass every three to four years. 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