Carry out a survey and produce a distribution map indicating the location across the site. Wolfsbane It has an explosive seed capsule, which scatters seeds over a distance of up to 7m. A very invasive, non-native plant which is illegal to grow or cause the growth of. nov.: a fungal agent for the biological control of Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera). The plant likes to grow on river banks where it easily establishes, forms large patches and spreads quickly by seed. Its exploding seeds meant it quickly escaped gardens and it is now established as an invasive species across most of the world. We would recommend you also look elsewhere for further information, possibly not covered on these pages. insects) at the expense of indigenous species. The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods … Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. It grows in dense stands and can be up to 2m tall. The leaves are 6 – 15cm long, lance shaped, with … We offer Himalayan Balsam removal and identification for weed management across UK. Dark green lance-shaped leaves with serrated edges and pointed tips. Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Himalayan or Indian balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an annual herb and was introduced to Britain in 1839. I found this plant Very interesting! Puccinia komarovii var. Himalayan balsam also promotes river bank erosion due to the plant dying back over winter, leaving the bank unprotected from flooding. Leaves are lanceolate with serrated edges, stalked, shiny, dark green with a reddish midrib. Although very attractive in appearance, Himalayan Balsam is a pest and one of the most rapidly spreading Invasive weeds in the UK. Hexagonal fleshy hollow stems that are reddish in colour. Himalayan Balsam grows between 1 and 2 metres in height with 2 or 3 serrated green leaves being arranged at node points along the green / red stems. Himalayan Balsam • It grows in dense thickets, often along waterways (see picture no. 2. Identification of Himalayan Balsam is very important, as it is advised that if you note the presence of it in your garden, you should take steps to remove it from the site. It is now considered a pest in many countries throughout the world. Click here for the latest Himalayan Balsam information leaflet. Hanging explosive seed pods that can throw seeds over 7 metres away from the plant. ... Himalayan balsam is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. Several photographs of Himalayan Balsam and a description of the plant. The seedpods open in such a way that the seeds are thrown several metres away from the parent plant, helping the species to rapidly spread – often quoted as 20 metres in all directions per season. Himalayan Balsam, also called Policeman’s helmet, is native to the western Himalayas. So expert advice should be your first port of call. It was introduced to Kew Gardens in 1839 and is thought to have mainly been spread by people passing seeds to each other. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the banks bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. Identification of Himalayan balsam. Annual reproduction of this plant occurs in the summer, when the … If you […] Its common name is “Policeman’s Helmet” due to the shape of the flowers. Himalayan Balsam has an orchid shaped flower resembling a British policeman’s helmet, which gave rise to its other common name of “Policeman’s helmet”. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam Photos are sourced from GBNNSS and Groundwork South. Talk to adjacent land owners Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. Legislated Because. The fruit capsules explode when ripe and touched. Himalayan Balsam. Each plant can produce as much as 800 seeds and therefore removal should be undertaken in the winter months when the plant is … It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. Invasive Himalayan balsam can also adversely affect indigenous species by attracting pollinators (e.g. It is an offence to plant this species or to cause it to grow in the wild. It was introduced to North America as an ornamental garden plant. Identification. Stems of Himalayan Balsam are pinky red, hollow, sappy, brittle and jointed. Consider surrounding properties and potential for reintroduction. Produced by Cymdeithas Llandudoch, St Dogmaels Community Association The information on these pages has been pulled together by non-experts, through extensive web searches and limited consultation with experts. Including rivers/streams is important. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), AKA Indian Balsam, Policeman’s Helmet, can grow up to 3m tall.It flowers from late May to October. glanduliferae var. Himalayan Balsam and Kiss-me-on-the-mountain arise from the fact that the plant originates in the Himalayan mountains. Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. 2 and 5). Himalayan Balsam is seen Spring to Autumn and is best treated in early Summer. Himalayan Balsam Identification and Control Himalayan Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera is a large annual plant native to the Himalayas. Identification. 3. It is also commonly referred to as Indian Balsam. The impact of two non-natibe plant species on native flora performance: potential implications for habitat restoration. It was introduced to Britain from India in 1839, and promoted as an alternative to the orchids grown by those wealthy enough to have greenhouses. – Especially the ripe seed pods! Himalayan Balsam is, as the name suggests, native to India, more specifically to the Himalayas. Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. Although sometimes sold as an ornamental, this native of Asia has been added to the Washington State Noxious Weed list due to its invasive nature. Himalayan Balsam was one of my successes. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera. Himalayan Balsam Identification. Himalayan balsam grows in dense clumps and is a herbaceous annual plant, which is easily identifiable when mature. History. Identification. Himalayan Balsam identification. Himalayan balsam plants can produce around 2500 seeds each year. Himalayan balsam grows up to 3 metres high with a hollow and bamboo-like … Grows up to 3 metres tall. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious teeth around their edges (see above and pictures no. There are 5-10 flowers on each stem and the flowers have 5 petals that are purple, pink, or white in color. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Giant Hogweed Photos are sourced from GBNNSS, Tom Richards and RPS group Plc. How to identify Himalayan Balsam. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, and … Each plant has the ability to spread over 7 metres every season, making it difficult to eradicate without a coordinated approach, particularly around rivers and water courses. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways.It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. Identification Leaves – Slender, oval and shiny about 15cm long with a red vein running up the middle. Large pale pink-purple trumpet flowers in June – October. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. It was introduced to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower. Himalayan Balsam is a non-native invasive. Best Regards. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. Policeman's helmet, also known as jewelweed or Himalayan balsam, thrives in moist areas and riparian zones. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Giant Hogweed is a species native to the Caucasus mountains in South West Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Himalayan Balsam is a native species to the western Himalayans in North India. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) Species Identification Height: A tall, annual herb growing up to 2.5m Stem : Hollow brittle stems which are light green/ red early in the year, turning pink/red in summer. In the early 1800s it was introduced to many parts of Europe, New Zealand and North America as a garden ornamental. The plant was introduced to the UK in the early 1940’s by the horticultural industry. Identification European Journal of Plant Pathology, 141:247-266. It grows rapidly and spreads quickly, smothering other vegetation as it goes. Branches arise from the stem joints. The genus name Impatiens, means "impatient", and refers to its method of seed dispersal. 3). Invasive Species - (Impatiens glandulifera) Watch List Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall and has purple/red stems that are smooth and hollow. Tanner RA; Gange AC, 2013. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Confirm Himalayan balsam identification. Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan balsam is native to the foothills of the Himalayas, India and Pakistan, and was first released into the UK in 1839 as an ornamental garden plant. Even if you accidentally cause this plant to grow you could face criminal charges. Himalayan Balsam. It is illegal to move soil which contains its seeds and accidentally spreading them and its growth. 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