Early fabrication and production planning is critical for the successful realization and delivery of the needed capability. Proposing changes in the technical approach to reduce the program’s technical risks. This figure is adapted from a 2010 National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) Systems Engineering Division "Model-Based Engineering (MBE)" study and is used with permission. High-risk concepts may require scaled models to reduce uncertainty too difficult to resolve purely by mathematical emulation. The Program Manager (PM) and Systems Engineer support the Validation process. Strong schedule metrics are paramount for accurate EVMS data. A-131, “Value Engineering.”. The intended result is a comprehensive set of trade-space choices for industry to consider to deliver solutions that are not only energy efficient but also mission-effective and affordable. The goal of having a robust TPM process is the ability for the PM, Systems Engineer and senior decision makers to: (1) gain quantifiable insight to technical progress, trends and risks; (2) empirically forecast the impact on program cost, schedule, and performance; and (3) provide measurable feedback of changes made to program planning or execution to mitigate potentially unfavorable outcomes. The PM is responsible for approving life-cycle trades throughout the acquisition process. All legal and regulatory requirements and policies relating to safety (including explosive safety), security, and the environment. The PRR should also consider what production systems should be retained after system deployment to sustain and maintain the system through its life cycle. Engineering analyses (i.e., Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA); supportability analysis predictions; and diagnostics architecture) provide critical data to impact the design for supportability and to influence the product support package. Specific activities should include: Inputs to the Technical Assessment process should include approved program plans (e.g., Systems Engineering Plan, Acquisition Strategy (AS), Acquisition Program Baseline (APB), engineering products (i.e., TPMs, drawings, specifications and reports, prototypes, system elements and engineering development modules), and current performance metrics. These three processes are recursively applied at each level of the system’s specifications and then iteratively within each level throughout development. MOSA benefits are usually categorized into five individually useful areas, which often overlap: cost savings/cost avoidance; increased competition; enhanced interoperability; application of innovative elements; and ability to realize technology upgrade opportunities easily. All data deliverables should include distribution statements. The approach for how requirements and technical performance trade-offs are balanced within the larger program scope to deliver operationally effective, suitable and affordable systems. The AoA should have evaluated a number of candidate materiel solutions and identified those alternatives that can meet the user requirements within the remaining trade space (including cost and affordability constraints). This Handbook is both a reference document and management tool for … 109-364 (SEC 130), enacted to address ship CSIs, embedded in 10 USC 2319. Identifying, analyzing, mitigating, and monitoring risks and issues; and identifying, analyzing managing and monitoring opportunities. See the EMD Phase production activities described in DoDI 5000.02, para 5.d.9. Systems Engineering Handbook | NASA In 1995, the NASA Systems Engineering Handbook (NASA/SP-6105) was initially … 6.d requires the Program Manager (PM) to present top program risks and associated risk mitigation plans at all relevant decision points and milestones. System upgrades/updates should be timed to limit the proliferation of releases and therefore conserve maintenance and support resources. Attributes of the functional baseline include: Assessed to be achievable within cost and schedule constraints, Documentation of established interfaces between functional segments, Documented performance requirements traced to (draft) Capability Development Document (CDD) requirements, Reflects design considerations and clear linkage in the systems of systems (SoS) context. During TMRR, the ESOH SME can provide the most cost-effective ESOH support to the program by identifying and then eliminating or mitigating ESOH hazards and ensuring ESOH compliance during system testing and design development. Ensuring availability of chemicals and materials. Key Systems Engineering design considerations. During source selection, increased emphasis on the efficiency of production. Accurate baselines and disciplined reviews serve to integrate and synchronize the system as it matures, which facilitates more effective milestone decisions and ultimately provides better warfighting capability for less money. Systems Engineering Standards Various industry standards describe Systems Engineering processes. A senior governance body is useful to provide a forum for discussion and decision. The program’s SE processes should include all stakeholders in order to ensure the success of program efforts throughout the acquisition life cycle. and CH 3–4.3.12. Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM) is complete. These responsibilities are described in DAG Chapter 5 Manpower Planning & Human Systems Integration. Stakeholder Requirements Definition (CH 3–4.2.1.). Should the opportunity be pursued, reevaluated or rejected? Determining the appropriate set of technologies to integrate into a full system. Development Request for Proposal (RFP) Release Decision Point. NASA Systems Engineering Handbook: 07: System Engineering Guidebook for Intelligent … Develop corrective action plans as needed. Validation activities can be conducted in the intended operational environment or on an approved simulated environment. ), Information Support Plan (ISP) of Record (See CH 6–3.8.). Conduct technical activities in support of the Development RFP Release Decision Point. The CONOPS/OMS/MP is a document consistent with the validated/approved capability requirements document to include the operational tasks, events, durations, frequency, operating conditions and environments under which the recommended materiel solution is to perform each mission and each phase of a mission. Identifying and defining critical attributes of the physical system elements, including design budgets (e.g., weight, reliability) and open system principles. Documents the system’s internal and external interfaces and their requirement specifications. Depending on technology maturity, the Implementation process may develop, buy or reuse system elements to render the system. The Decision Analysis process transforms a broadly stated decision opportunity into a traceable, defendable and actionable plan. Program critical technologies are ready for the Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction phase, Required investments in manufacturing technology development have been identified, Processes to ensure manufacturability, producibility and quality are in place and are sufficient to produce prototypes. Indian Head, MD 20640-5555 . The CDR agenda should include a review of all this information, but any statement that all of the detailed design activity on these systems is complete may lead to misunderstandings. The Program Manager (PM) and Systems Engineer work to properly align the technical reviews to support knowledge-based milestone decisions that streamline the acquisition life cycle and save precious taxpayer dollars. Perform Environment, Safety and Occupational Health (ESOH) risk management analyses and ESOH risk acceptance. ), electronic requirements (e.g., signature, interference, etc.) The SEP captures the output of this tailoring and is reviewed and approved to solidify the program plan. The DASD(SE) web site provides an example of how a program may provide evidence at the MDD review to support the MDA decision. The MDD review requires an ICD that represents an operational capability need validated in accordance with CJCSI 3170.01. You could not lonesome going when books stock or library or borrowing from your contacts to right of entry them. Understanding how the system fits into a larger system of systems (SoS) context, and coordinating so the requisite mission analysis efforts are undertaken. Not all interfaces need to be open at any one level of the design, only those that are required to meet anticipated incremental capability updates, changes in threat or technology insertion. SE activities should be integrated with MSA phase-specific test, evaluation, logistics and sustainment activities identified in CH 8–4.1. DEMIL eliminates functional capabilities and inherent military design features from both serviceable and unserviceable DoD materiel. Technical reviews, both at the system and build/increment levels, should have a minimum viable requirements and architecture baseline at the system level, as well as ensuring fulfillment of a build/increment-centric set of review criteria and requirements. A robust SIM program provides tools and processes to assist informed decision making to achieve both better weapon system reliability and readiness at reduced total ownership cost. Production Readiness Review. During the design process, proactively assess the risk of parts obsolescence while selecting parts. The Chief Engineer should review this table and tailor the criteria for the program. Consistent and in alignment with the Government-approved IMP, the IMS is baselined after approval of the contractor(s)’ schedules at the Integrated Baseline Review (IBR). The most important decisions to control risk are made early in a program life cycle. The program needs to understand the "pedigree" of the qualified vendors for the COTS product. to use. The total system includes not only the mission equipment but also the users, training and training devices and operational and support infrastructure. The PM, Systems Engineer, and Software Engineer should emphasize mission understanding to set the stage for good systems/software architecture and capability-based releases/increments, For an integration-intensive system that relies substantially if not completely on NDI/COTS/GOTS software, trade-space analysis can provide important information to understand the feasibility of capability and mission requirements. Configuration Management Process), Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Cost Rationale (RAM-C) Report (See DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. The Systems Engineer should be aware that portions of the spectrum previously assigned to DoD or other Federal users are being sold for commercial use. Retaining access to CPC resources throughout the life cycle. The program also participates in system-related mishap investigations to assess contributing hazards, risks and mitigations. Susceptibility is the degree to which a device, piece of equipment or weapon system is open to effective attack as a result of one or more inherent weaknesses. Changes (from the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase system design) in materials and/or manufacturing processes are required when entering or during the Production and Deployment (P&D) phase. Disposal is the process of reusing, transferring, donating, selling or destroying excess surplus and foreign excess property. For programs on DASD(DT&E) oversight, Systems Engineers will be included on the Test and Evaluation (T&E) Working-Level Integrated Product Team (WIPT), as a test data stakeholder. IUID implemented in accordance with DoDI 8320.04 and IUID Implementation Plans are required for all milestone decisions as directed by DoDI 5000.02, Enc 1, Table 2. The PM and Systems Engineer should show evidence of critical thinking in addressing the design considerations, as documented in the program SEP. Implementation of these best practices should be tailored according to product domains, complexity and maturity of critical technologies, manufacturing processes and specific risks that have been identified throughout the assessment process. MOSA is not an end result sought by the warfighter or end-item user; it is an approach to system design that can enable additional characteristics in the end item. A system with a balanced survivability and susceptibility approach ensures operational crew and personnel safety while satisfying mission effectiveness and operational readiness requirements. Upon approval, the technical baseline documentation is placed under formal configuration control. Co-developing with the Systems Engineer the technical objectives of the program that guide the technical reviews and audits, Co-developing with the Systems Engineer the earned value credit derived from the review, Approving, funding and staffing the planned technical reviews and audits; documenting this plan in the SEP and applicable contract documents, Ensuring the plan for each review includes participants with sufficient objectivity with respect to satisfying the pre-established review criteria, Ensuring the plan addresses the need for timely and sufficient data to satisfy the statutory and regulatory requirements of, Controlling the configuration of each baseline and convening configuration steering boards when user requirement changes are warranted. A successful PDR confirms that the system’s preliminary design: The PDR establishes the allocated baseline, which is placed under formal configuration control at this point. 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