Fifth Largest Island in the World. Baffin Island, 183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 to 450 mi (210–720 km) wide, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada. Baffin Bay is connected to the Arctic Ocean via Nares Strait and to the Atlantic Ocean via Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km² (195,928 sq mi). Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000 (2007 estimate). HABITATBaffin Island wolves are found exclusively on Baffin Island and a few small adjacent islands. Geologically, Baffin Island is a continuation of the eastern edge of the Canadian Shield, which tilts upward in the east to form a mountainous spine, sloping away into plateaus and lowlands in the west. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. Baffin Island is home to two national parks and a well-known bird sanctuary. Quick Facts: Arctic Bay. As with all of the “Skræling” (people) they encountered in the Sagas, the adventurers likely met the Thule people, ancestors of all modern Inuit people. Baffin Island, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Assistance by expert local guides is almost always essential. Dorset settlers were replaced in 1200 AD by Thule people. You can sport arctic wolves, lemming, arctic hare, arctic fox, polar bears and barren ground caribou as the year round wildlife that you can spot in Baffin Island. Interesting Islands Facts: The largest islands in the world include Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin Island, and Sumatra. Baffin Island. Baffin Island is a rugged place with awe-inspiring, and often record-breaking, sights for those who dare to venture out from the cities. As far as the actual last ice age, millions of years ago, Baffin Island would have contributed hugely to the Laurentide Ice Sheet that covered likely all of Canada and the northeastern United States however, there is much dispute about the birthplace. She has lived on three continents and currently resides in California. Baffin Island Largest and most easterly island of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, separated from Québec province by the Hudson Strait. Trips that visit Baffin Island $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Need help finding the right adventure? Baffin Island sits just above Canada’s great Hudson Bay, off the coast of the mainland of its territory, Nunavut, and also the coast of northern Quebec. Nunavut is Canada’s largest province/territory with a total area of 2,093,190 sq. Much of the Island is longitudinally more northern than Iceland and makes up part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, a group of 36,563 northern Canadian Islands that almost reach the centre of the Arctic Circle. Helluland is also mentioned in “The Saga of Erik the Red”, “The Saga of Halfdan Eysteinsson”, and in other earlier works. Since it opened in the 1970s the large school building has been used for many events including a visit by Queen Elizabeth in 2002. The main Inuit language used on the Island, Inuktitut (which the below place names are in), as with many dialects even has different accents as you move from the north to the south of the island. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. With a deep history of local Inuit culture, and residents who will welcome you into their harsh climate with warm hospitality, a trip to Baffin Island is one you will never forget. During the Archean Eon, 4 to … As the great Icelandic Viking, Leif Erikson (c. 970 – 1020) courageously crossed the unruly northern Atlantic in search of new lands, it was the third land he encountered that they named Helluland, meaning “Stone-slab Land”. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the 5th largest island in the world. Baffin Island is separated from Greenland on the north and east by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait Area: 507,451sq km (195,928sq mi). There are no ferries to the island, either from neighbouring Quebec or from Greenland however, some Arctic cruises do offer stops in Iqaluit and other parts of Nunavut. Protected from strong north winds, this area of Baffin Island enjoys a surprisingly stable climate. Among the many that attempted the passage were Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) founder of Quebec, Henry Hudson (1565 – 1611) the namesake of Canada’s great Hudson Bay, and another English Navigator, William Baffin (1585 – 1622) for whom the Island was named. The Baffin Island Wolf is a sub variety of Gray Wolf that belongs to the genus Canis of the Canidae family. Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia it outsizes canadas second biggest island victoria island by an area about the size of italy. Baffin Island lies in the East of Nunavut which is the largest federal territory of Canada. And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in … Canadian North Airlines offer direct flights to the Baffin region while First Air and their partners service all regions of Baffin Island. It is between Baffin Island and the southwest coast of Greenland.It connects to the Atlantic by Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea.A narrower Nares Strait connects Baffin Bay with the Arctic Ocean.. People lived in the bay area from around 500 BC. It’s Baffin Island that draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. Map of Baffin Island. Baffin Island is the 5 th largest island in the world! The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. Facts about Baffin Island 1: the wildlife. As the ice caps on Baffin Island shrink, the landscape beneath is seeing the light of day for the first time in perhaps 120,000 years. With these projects and operations came many people to the city of Iqaluit and from there many services such as medical, food, and social services. Here’s a look at the stark and humbling beauty. It is believed that the Norse reached Baffin Bay at some point between 900 and 1300. Baffin Island is in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, located in Arctic Ocean of Northern Canada. Unless you are travelling in the remote corners of Canada, specifically northern Quebec, your two options for flights to Iqaluit are from Canada’s capital, Ottawa, or the neighbouring city of Montreal. History of Baffin Island Inuit. Baffin Island. Iqaluit is the main jumping-off point for those looking to explore the rest of the Island and there are great eateries, shops, and local artistry, as well as other things to see and do in the city, including a trendy brewery called Nu Brew. Thomas holds a bachelor’s degree in politics from the University of Bristol, U.K. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. World Atlas: The Largest Islands of Canada, National Geographic: Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, The Canadian Encyclopedia: Baffin Island Inuit, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. Baffin island is the largest island in canada and the 5th largest island in the world. Wilderness adventures on Baffin Island require considerable planning, experience and physical fitness. Baffin Island, island lying between Greenland and the Canadian mainland. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. History of Baffin Island Inuit. Iqaluit, city, capital of Nunavut territory and headquarters of Baffin region, Canada. You must understand the risks of hypothermia and frostbite, the dangers of rock falls and other natural occurrences and the very real possibility of polar bear encounters. It's the island's major hub for transportation and tourism and the home base for most outfitters and guides. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. Come explore Baffin Island and experience the first place that Europeans landed in the New World. Visitation is limited to an early season from March to May, when skiing, dog-sledding and snowmobiling adventures are possible, and a late season starting in June or July, when ice melt opens up the landscapes for boating and hiking. These remote national parks in the high Arctic of Nunavut's Baffin Island feature jagged, frosted mountain ranges, traditional Inuit villages, glacier-carved fjords, and vast, uninhabited tundra. (almost 1 … Many visitors are drawn to here to experience the Arctic wilderness, the Inuit culture, or the potential to climb in a very wild setting with virt… In fact, Baffin Island is the fifth-largest island in all of the world. You can now take an iceberg and wildlife watching cruise through these historic waters from Iqaluit, Toronto, or Greenland. Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. Nunavut’s earliest sunset is on December 17 th at 1:40 pm. The most popular and plentiful fishing area was in the enormous inlet now known as Frobisher Bay, the peak of which was known to the local people as Iqaluit, meaning “place of many fish”. For thousands of years, the local people have survived on fishing and game meats, such as caribou – still popular today, to nourish themselves and stay warm in one of the world’s most extreme climates. This is not a destination for the casual vacationer, but the rewards for those willing to invest considerable time and funds preparing for an adventure on Baffin Island are truly remarkable. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the 5th largest island in the world. When one looks at the map, the Island is positioned at the North West of Mainland Canada and West of Greenland. Hiking and cross-country skiing are other ways to get around, although few trails are marked. Highlights of Auyuittuq include the Akshayuk Pass, a 60-mile traditional Inuit travel corridor; Mount Thor, which has the tallest vertical drop of any mountain in the world; and a one- or two-day hiking route to the Arctic Circle. From the late 15th century, European explorers and navigators have tried to successfully pass through a northern waterway from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean via the Canadian north and the Arctic famously named the Northwest Passage. Baffin Island is Canada’s Largest Island. It was likely here that one of the great ice sheets that covered most of Canada originated some 18,000 years ago, and ice lingered on the island until almost 1,500 years ago. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada, and with two very large islands flanking the country (Newfoundland and Vancouver Island) that is saying something. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. Though as far as population goes, the Island is more in line with the small island nations of the south pacific at 13,150 (2016) inhabitants. Baffin Island. Stop by the Unikkaarvik Visitor Centre for useful tourist information and interesting exhibits. It lies at the head of Frobisher Bay, on southeastern Baffin Island. Greenland is 822,706 square miles in size, but only has 56,000 residents. Named for William Baffin (1584?-1622), Baffin Island (now part of Nunavut and next to Baffin Bay) is the fifth-largest island in the world.. With an area of about 476,000 sq. Baffin Island is the biggest island in Canada, the 5th largest in the world and is home to the elusive Narwhal, amongst many other animals! Baffin Island . Facts about Baffin Island Wolfs. Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia it outsizes canadas second biggest island victoria island by an area about the size of italy. Before considering such an epic experience, get a grasp on some of the most important facts about Baffin Island. Canadian Scientist’s Deep-Diamond Research Reveals Ancient Continent. It was established as a trading post in 1914 and became an air base during World War II. The park also features ancient Thule ruins. Canadian Scientist’s Deep-Diamond Research Reveals Ancient Continent. Area: 507,451sq km (195,928sq mi). It has facilities for camping, and visitors can fish and spot wildlife amid a tundra landscape blanketed by seasonal wildflowers and berries. Here’s a look at the stark and humbling beauty. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. The valley's slightly warmer microclimate makes it a great place to spot wildlife including wolves, caribou, Arctic hares and the occasional polar bear. Basic Baffin Island Facts. There are the wildlife visitors during the summer and year round seasons. Named after English explorer William Baffin. The Nunavut Arts and Crafts Association hosts an annual summer festival; the Alianait Arts Festival is a summer tradition; and, in April, the Toonik Tyme Festival features traditional Inuit arts, cuisine and games, including igloo-building and seal-skinning contests. This land seemed…of little use.]. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Unless you are very experienced in extreme wilderness survival, the services of expert local guides are essential for getting around Baffin Island. Baffin Bay is located between the southwest coast of Greenland and Baffin Island. "Scientific name for Baffin Island Wolf is Canis lupus manningi". Two of Canada's largest national parks are on Baffin Island: Auyuittuq National Park ("the land that never melts") on the island's eastern Cumberland Peninsula and Sirmilik National Park ("place of glaciers") covering the island's northwest, along with nearby islands and bays. In the same national park as Odin, you will find the world’s highest vertical cliff of aptly named, Mount Thor. Its area is 507,451 km2 and its population was 13,148 as of the 2016 Canadian Census. Baffin Island is geographically and geologically a continuation of Labrador, from which it is separated by Hudson Strait. In 2008, they unearthed remains of tally sticks, yarn rats and a Dorset culture face mask. Size: Covering 195,928 square miles, Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world. The wildlife in Baffin Island is very impressive. Baffin Island also boasts one of the world’s largest Fjords, the Admiralty Inlet, and two of Canada’s largest national parks, Sirmilik and Auyuittuq, both slightly larger than El Salvador or Israel. First there were the Dorset and then Thule and Inuit people. And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. It has mountains like the Arctic Cordillera range, glaciers, and ice caps like Penny Ice Cap. The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. Visitors to the Nunavut territory (Canada’s newest territory, formed in 1999 as part of aboriginal land claim agreements) will find themselves arriving on Baffin Island. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. Norse explorers reached Baffin Island around the 11th century and their presence is felt in the name of the Island’s highest peak, Odin. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. From October until April, Baffin Island is one of the best places in Canada to view the Northern Lights because there is very little light pollution to interfere with their viewing, even in the capital city of Iqaluit. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. Baffin Island Inuit live on Baffin Island, the largest island in the Arctic Archipelago and in the territory of Nunavut. When one looks at the map, the Island is positioned at the North West of Mainland Canada and West of Greenland. Outside Iqaluit, getting around Baffin Island is limited to snowmobile, dog sled, charter flights and boats. Standing at 2,147m (7,044 ft.) it is pretty modest by Canadian standards though is 7th overall when it comes to Canada’s isolated summits. Covering 6000 square kilometres today the Penny Ice Cap has been receding in recent decades which has produced (or unfrozen) mosses and small plants that haven’t been seen on earth since the Middle Ages when global temperatures were around what they are today. And their latest sunrise is December 24 th at 9:25 am. Most of the year Baffin Bay is covered in ice, icebergs, and floating ice, and is not navigable. Visitors to Iqaluit can learn about local Inuit history, culture and arts at the Unikkaarvik Visitor Centre's museum and the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum. 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